Institute Of Maritime Studies – Programmes

POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA (PGD) Curriculum

 in

Radio and Maritime Telecommunications

 

POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA PROGRAMMES IN MARITIME STUDIES

 

INTRODUCTION

Nigeria has 853 kilometers of coastline and a number of islets within its territorial waters. It also has great inland waterways, being home to hundreds of kilometers of the River Niger and the Niger Delta; hundreds of kilometers of the River Benue and a host of rivers and lakes, including Lake Chad.

Nigerian communities and ethnic groups navigated these waters from pre-historic times, using mostly traditionally made canoes. These waters have been a source of livelihood to many Nigerian communities by way of providing food, such as fish, crabs and other aquatic animals; seasonings such as salt; and the avenue for trade and commerce; etc. Since contact with Europeans at the coast in the 16th century, Nigerian waters have been the backbone of international trade and commerce; and the country has shared and continues to share in the attendant issues and problems associated with international trade and politics. These issues and problems deeply affect the country, her citizens and destiny. The Institute of Maritime Studies aims at developing human capacity to impact on these issues and problems and address them innovatively, hence the development of a curriculum in maritime studies.

 

PHILOSOPHY

Maritime Studies is an interdisciplinary academic field that embraces the liberal arts and the sciences as the foundation for exploring humankind’s critical and continually evolving connections with the world’s waterways and watersheds. It encompasses the liberal arts in recognized humanities and social science disciplines such as History, English, Philosophy, Geography, Economics, Political Science and Anthropology and highlights the social and cultural side of the human/water relationship as well as recognizes and explores the links between human activities and the composition and condition of the coastal and marine environments.  The Philosophy of the Maritime Institute therefore is to provide holistic education that will enable graduates develop their concept building capacities, analytical, verbal and general skills , knowledge, values and attitudes in order to be productive and responsible persons or individuals in the society. The Institute recognises individual differences and seeks to encourage individuals to develop their unique capacities and talents in solving global environmental problems particularly maritime related problems. Accordingly, the Institute provides inter-disciplinary postgraduate programmes on the literature, history, axiological, policy and science of the ocean and marine environment.

 

OBJECTIVES

The objectives of the programme are to:

  1. support and promote research in maritime studies and related environmental, axiological, policy and management studies;
  2. equip the students with a higher level of thinking leading to understanding of ocean dynamics and maritime history, literature, policy and management;
  3. enable students to analyse, evaluate and model the complex interactions between coastal and maritime environment, maritime activities and management; and
  4. produce human capacity for maritime management as well as the creation of the information and knowledge-based evidence required for managing and protecting the marine environment.

 

SCOPE

Maritime studies cuts across different disciplines and human activities. As a result, the programme adopts trans-disciplinary approaches and pedagogies. This calls for cooperation and collaboration of faculty from different knowledge areas/disciplines. The programme covers knowledge, skills, values and attitudes developed from the Arts, Biological Sciences, Engineering, Environmental Studies, Law, Management and Social Sciences.

 

Specifically, the curriculum covers the following content areas: Maritime History, Maritime Ethics, Oceanography, Marine Engineering, Maritime Law, Shipping/Port Management, Marine Biology, Marine Navigation, Maritime Insurance, Marine Information Management, Radio and Marine Telecommunications.  Seminars, Field Work and Project are also inclusive.

 

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

Degrees and Diplomas offered by the Nigerian Institute of Maritime Studies equip her graduates for employment and service in the public and private sectors. Graduates are specially equipped for jobs in such public sector areas as customs, immigrations, the navy and security services, ministries of trade, commerce and industry, ports authorities, shipbuilding and repairs, dock services, marine research institutes. Graduates should be readily employable in the private sector areas focused on maritime insurance, maritime law, shipping, port and dock services, maritime consultancies, marine related research companies.

 

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

The following may qualify for registration for postgraduate diploma studies

 

Postgraduate Diploma

Basically, all candidates must have five Credit passes including English, Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry O’Level. Graduates of the University of Nigeria or of other recognized universities with a background in Electrical or Electronic Engineering or Engineering Physics. Candidates must have at least a third Class Honours degree, with a minimum CGPA of 2.0 on a five point scale.

 

 

DURATION OF PROGRAMMES

The minimum and maximum duration of the Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) programme shall be:

 

Full-time: A minimum of three (3) semesters and a maximum of four (4) semesters.

Part-time: A minimum of four (4) Semesters and a maximum of six (6) semesters.

 

COURSE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADUATION

A candidate must have fulfilled the following conditions to be awarded

 

Postgraduate Diploma (PGD)

Registered and passed a minimum of 57 credit units of both compulsory and elective courses as follows:

Compulsory courses    –   41  units

Elective courses           –   6  units

Seminar                       –    2 units

Field work                    –   2  units

Project                          –   6  units

 

STRESS AREAS

0          –           Fundamentals (Maritime History, Maritime Ethics and Oceanography)

1          –           Marine Engineering

2          –           Maritime Law

3          –           Shipping/Port Management

4          –           Marine Biology

5          –           Marine Navigation

6          –           Maritime Insurance

7          –           Marine Information Management

8          –           Radio and Marine Telecommunications

9          –           Seminar/Field Work/Project

 

 

Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) Curriculum in Radio and Maritime Telecommunications

 

FIRST SEMESTER

Major Courses

Course Code                                           Title                                                                  Units

MST 0601                                Introduction to Oceanography                                               2

MST 0603                                Maritime History                                                                    2

MST 0611                                Ship Systems                                                                          2

MST 0621                                Maritime Law                                                                         2

MST 0641                                Marine Biology                                                                      2

MST 0651                                Marine Navigation I                                                               3

MST 0681                                Communication Principles    (NUC)                                      3

MST 0683                                Communication and Fields Laboratory                                  1

MST 0685                                Communication Systems                                                        3

 

Electives                           (Choose one course from the two courses listed below)

MST 0687                                 Microwave Engineering                                                        3

MST 0689                                 Data Communications                                                           3

                                                                                                                                                23

                                                                                                                                               SECOND SEMESTER                                                                                                 

Major Courses                                                                                                         

Course Code                                           Title                                                                  Units

MST 0602                           Introduction to Maritime Environmental Ethics                         3

MST 0632                           Shipping/Port Management                                                         2

MST 0652                           Marine Navigation II                                                                   3

MST 0662                           Maritime Insurance                                                                      2

MST 0682                           Telecommunications Engineering                                               2

MST 0684                           Introduction to Radar and Navigation Systems                           3

MST 0672                           Marine Information Management                                                3

M ST 0686                          Radio and Television                                                                   3

 

Electives                           (Choose one course from the two courses listed below)

MST 0680                                 Electro-acoustics                                                                       3

MST 0688                                 Communication Networks                                                       3

 24        

THIRD SEMESTER

Major Courses                            Title                                                                                     Units

MST 0691                                Seminar                                                                                      2

MST 0693                                 Field Work                                                                                2

MST 0695                                 Project                                                                                       6

10  

                                                                       Total       57 Units

 

                                                                                                                      

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS FOR THE POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA (PGD) PROGRAMME

 

MST 0601:   Introduction to Oceanography   (2 units)

Description of the ocean basins and the mechanisms of their evolution; the physical and chemical properties of seawater; role of the oceans in elemental cycles, particularly the carbon cycle; ocean circulation and waves. Geology of the coastal ocean, beaches, and estuaries; biotic and physical factors structuring the oceans including global warming; coastal development,

 

MST 0602:   Introduction to Maritime Environmental Ethics   (3 units)

Ethical issues and problems as they relate to the environment, particularly the maritime environment. The need to extend ethical thinking and moral values beyond the traditional area of the relationship between human beings to the relationship between human beings and nature, both sentient and non-sentient nature, and the question of the intrinsic value of nature. The evolution of environmental ethics, the contending perspectives, theories and practices; and the most appropriate approaches especially in relation to Nigeria.

 

MST 0603:   Maritime History   (2 units)

General overview of global maritime history; Maritime transport during the colonial period (1900-1960) ; Development of shipping and Establishment of port facilities; Impact of maritime transport in Nigeria and Maritime policies.

 

MST 0611:     Ship Systems   (3 units)

Types, structures and purposes of ships. Ship compartmentation, propulsion systems, auxiliary power systems, interior communications and ship control. Elements of Ship design to achieve safe operations and ship stability characteristics.

 

MST 0621:   Maritime Law   (2 units)

Nigerian Maritime law; international Maritime law; Admiralty and maritime law practice in Nigeria; laws, conventions and treaties that govern shipping.

 

MST 0632:   Shipping/Port Management   (2 units)

General care and port maintenance; shipping management; maintenance and management of radio equipment; handling of distress and urgent situations; and Maritime operations management.

 

MST 0641:   Marine Biology   (2 units)

General studies of organisms in the ocean from microscopic to huge cetaceans; Fisheries science and marine conservations, effects of oceanic factors on ocean life forms; and values of maritime life.

 

MST 0651:   Marine Navigation I   (3 units)

Earth-navigation methods, Classification of navigation systems, Celestial mechanics, Principles of celestial navigation, Radio navigation systems, Lat, Lon, and nautical charts, Principles of position fixing (Lines of position, Ranges, Position fix, Estimated position, Dead reckoning, Running fix, Danger bearing, Turn bearing, Snellius construction), Sextant usage and care, Compass checks, Compass use and adjustment,  Time keeping, Route planning, Daily procedures and logbooks, GNSS (GPS, GLONASS, etc), Emergency navigation techniques.

 

MST 0652:   Marine Navigation II  (3 units)

Tides and currents, Tide movements, Chart data, Marine weather  Resources (Radio sources of weather, Basic principles of high and low, Weather maps and interpretation, Fronts, Squalls, Storms, and hurricanes, Global winds), Inland and coastal navigation , Ocean navigation, Depth sounding navigation, Radio navigation, High seas communication, Overview of radar principles and operation, Navigation by range and bearing, Navigation rules of the road.

 

 

MST 0662:   Maritime Insurance   (2 units)

History of maritime insurance; formal maritime insurance practices; policies, loss, damage of ships, cargo, terminals; maritime life insurance, protection and indemnity.

 

MST 0672:   Introduction to Marine Information Management  (3 units)

Introduction and overview of marine data products; scalars and vector analysis; the nature and uses of the saga; basic data analysis; gridding with saga; introduction to vector charts

 

MST 0680:  Electro Acoustics (ECE 549)

The sound wave: propagation and characteristics. Basic principles of acoustics. Transducers. Microphones, loudspeakers: characteristics and applications. Electroacoustical and electromechanical analogies, acoustics of buildings; reverberation time, sound equalization, diffuse and free-field considerations, noise absorption and insulation. Recording and reproduction systems and media. Introduction to ultrasonics. Applications.

 

MST 0681:   Communications Principles   (3 units)   (NUC)

A general communications system including source, transmission channel and destination. Analogue modulation systems. AM, FM and Phase Modulation. Pulse Modulation: PAM, PWM, PPM and PCM. Introduction to Digital Modulation Techniques. Bandwidth considerations. Devices and systems for communications.

 

MST 0682:   Telecommunications Engineering    (2 units)   (NUC min std year 5)  (ECE542)

Terminal equipment: Analogue and digital. Transmission modes. Switching and switches: Space and time. Exchange stations: Private and Public. Multiplexing and De-multiplexing: Frequency (FDM) and Time (TDM). Fundamentals of channelization: Frequency (FDMA), Time (TDMA) and Code (CDMA); Spread spectrum.

Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN); Traffic and trunking; Public Switched Data Network (PSDN); Integrated Digital Network (IDN) and B-IDN. Telecommunication network  numbering system and services. Mobile communications technology.

Satellite systems: Earth stations, space stations and links. Fundamentals of microwave relay system and signal path estimation.

 

MST 0683: Communication and Fields Laboratory    (1(2) unit)    (ECE481)

The laboratory exercise is set up to familiarize students in setting up of small networks. The students will learn –

  • Design and configure a small Local Area Network (LAN)
  • Basics of common routing protocols
  • Partition a network into subnets
  • Design and addressing scheme for network elements
  • Configure an interface on a router and setup routing processes on a router.

Waveform analysis and different de/modulation schemes; Aerials; Super heterodyne receiver; Transmission lines; Filters; Digital phase detector; Frequency counters.

 

MST  0684: Introduction to Radar and Navigation Systems    (ECE 545)

Operation, history and applications. Radar equation. Radar range, minimum detectable signal,  target indication, tracking radar, laser radar. Radar transmitters, receivers and antennas. Propagation of radar waves. Airbone direction finders, air traffic control radar beacon, instrument low approach system, Ioran, microwave landing systems. Omega. Inmarsat.

 

MST 0685:   Communication Systems    (3 units)   (NUC)

Telephony: Antennas and wave propagation mode. Radar systems. Satellite communication systems. Broadcasting systems (analogue and digital). Introduction to wireless communication systems. Regulations. Telecommunication systems planning.

 

MST 0686:  Radio and Television  (ECE 548)

Basic radio terminology, marine radio system, VHF radio, single-sideband radio and Global Maritime Distress ans Safety System (GMDSS). Radio broadcast and reception systems.

The video signal, scanning, timing, synchronizing line and field frequencies, transmission standards and systems. Television camera, tubes, the image orthicon and the vidicon-television broadcast and receiver systems. International recommendations for sound and television broadcasting. Broadcasting studio and studio equipment. Compatibility; natural light; colour perception; three colour theory; luminance, hue and saturational colour television camera; the luminance signal; values of luminance (Y) and colour difference signals on colours. Polarity of the colour difference signals; colour TV display tubes; Delta-Gun colour picture tube.

 

MST 0687: Microwave Engineering   (NUC)

Microwave devices and circuits. Variation diode, parametric amplifiers, tunnel diodes, Schottky diode. Gunn oscillators, frequency multipliers and up-converters. Microwave Theory and techniques; transmission lines and waveguides, passive microwave devices: resonators, magic tee, TWT, etc.

 

 

 

 

MST 0688:  Communication Networks  (ECE  546)

Network planning principles; standards. Modeling and simulation basics: Network traffics and network nodes. Queuing theory fundamentals, resources and services demand calculations; forecasting and QoS issues. Network reliability.

ISO-OSI reference model. Network protocols: Specification. SS7 signaling fundamentals. Network protocol architectures basics: LAN, MAN, WAN (Internet), ISDN, B-ISDN, ATM and GSM networks: Architectures and operations.

 

MST 0689 : Data Communications (NUC)

Introduction to data communication systems: digital signals and characters, data signals, band rate, serial and parallel data transmission. Networks and Network topology. Baseband Analysis, Modulated carrier signals (ASK, PSK, QPSK, FSK, MSK, GMSK, etc). Coherent and non-coherent detection of binary signals. Error rate comparison. OSI model and functions of the layers. TCP/IP model and functions of the layers. Network management: Telecomunication Network Management. International Standards.

 

MST 0691:   Seminar   (2 units)

 

MST 0693:   Field Work   (2 units)

On completion of coursework, the students will be required to undergo minimal field experience. This field experience is designed to integrate the classroom theory with practical work experience.

 

MST 0695:   Research Project   (6 units)

Students will carry out project work from any discipline in Maritime Studies. The project should belong to one of the following disciplines: marine engineering; maritime law; shipping/port management; marine biology; marine navigation, maritime insurance; and marine information management. The project duration is over an academic year and a formal report will be required. Each student is required to make an oral presentation.

 

  

POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA (PGD) AND

MSC PROGRAMMES IN MARITIME LAW AND POLICY

  

FEBRUARY, 2015

 POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES IN MARITIME LAW AND POLICY

 

INTRODUCTION

Nigeria has 853 kilometers of coastline and a number of islets within its territorial waters. It also has great inland waterways, being home to hundreds of kilometers of the River Niger and the Niger delta; hundreds of kilometers of the River Benue and a host of rivers and lakes, including Lake Chad.

Nigerian communities and ethnic groups navigated these waters from pre-historic times, using mostly traditionally made canoes. These waters have been a source of livelihood to many Nigerian communities by way of providing food, such as fish, crabs and other aquatic animals; seasonings such as salt; and the avenue for trade and commerce; etc. Since contact with Europeans at the coast in the 16th century, Nigerian waters have been the backbone of international trade and commerce; and the country has shared and continues to share in the attendant issues and problems associated with international trade and politics. These issues and problems deeply affect the country, her citizens and destiny. The institute of maritime studies aims at studying these issues and problems and addressing them innovatively.

PHILOSOPHY

Maritime Studies is an interdisciplinary academic field that embraces the liberal arts and the sciences as the foundation for exploring humankind’s critical and continually evolving connections with the world’s waterways and watersheds. It encompasses the liberal arts in recognized humanities and social science disciplines such as History, English, Philosophy, Geography, Economics, Political Science and Anthropology and highlights the social and cultural side of the human/water relationship as well as recognizes and explores the links between human activities and the composition and condition of the coastal and marine environments.  The Philosophy of the Maritime Institute therefore is to provide holistic education that will enable graduates develop their concept building capacities, analytical, verbal and general skills , knowledge, values and attitudes in order to be productive and responsible persons or individuals in the society. The institute recognises individual differences and seeks to encourage individuals to develop their unique capacities and talents in solving global environmental problems particularly maritime related problems. Accordingly, the institute provides inter-disciplinary postgraduate programmes on the literature, history, axiological, policy and science of the ocean and marine environment.

OBJECTIVES

The programmes will lead to support and promotion of research in maritime studies and related environmental, axiological, policy and management studies. The programmes will equip the students with a higher level of thinking such as an understanding of ocean dynamics and maritime history, literature, policy and management. In addition, the programmes will enable students to analyse, evaluate and model the complex interactions between coastal and maritime environment, maritime activities and management. The programme is also aimed at producing human capacity for maritime management as well as the creation of the information and knowledge-based evidence required for managing and protecting the marine environment.

SCOPE

Maritime studies cuts across different disciplines and human activities. As a result, the programmes adopt trans-disciplinary approaches and pedagogies. This calls for cooperation and collaboration of faculty from different knowledge areas/disciplines. The programmes cover knowledge, skills, values and attitudes developed from the Arts, Biological Sciences, Engineering, Environmental studies, Law, Management and Social Sciences. Under the Maritime studies, programmes are designed in such a way that students can pursue a PGD or M.SC degree, as the case may be, in either:

  1. Navigation and Telecommunication Systems in Maritime Studies; or
  2. Maritime Business and International Logistics; or
  • Maritime Business Management, or
  1. Maritime Regulation Studies, Law and Policy.

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

Degrees and Diplomas offered by the Nigerian Institute of Maritime Studies equip her graduates for employment and service in the public and private sector. Graduates are specially equipped for jobs in such public sector areas as customs, immigrations, the navy and security services, ministries of trade, commerce and industry, ports authorities, shipbuilding and repairs, dock services, marine research institutes. Graduates should be readily employable in the private sector areas focused on maritime insurance, maritime law, shipping, port and dock services, maritime consultancies, marine related research companies.

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

The following may qualify for registration for postgraduate studies

Postgraduate Diploma

(i)   Graduates of the University of Nigeria or of other recognized universities, with a minimum of third class honours degree.

 

(ii)   Holders of the Higher National Diploma (HND) in maritime studies and related disciplines with not less than an Upper Credit pass. Candidates with HND should have obtained credit pass in 5 subjects including English Language and Mathematics in SSCE, NECO or GCE O/L in not more than two sittings.

Degree of Master of Science (MSc)

(i)   Graduates of the University of Nigeria or of other recognized Universities who have obtained the Bachelor’s Degree with a minimum of Second Class honours and a minimum CGPA of 3.0 on a five-point scale.

 

(ii)   Candidates with the Postgraduate Diploma in Maritime Studies of the University of Nigeria or of any recognized Institution and with not less than an Upper Credit Pass.

 

 

DURATION OF PROGRAMMES

The maximum and minimum duration of the Postgraduate programmes shall be:

 

PGD Programme in Maritime

Full-time: A minimum of two (2) semesters and a maximum of four (4) semesters.

Part-time: A minimum of four (4) semesters and a maximum of six (6) semesters.

 

Masters Degree Programme

Full-time: A minimum of three (3) semesters and a maximum of six (6) semesters.

Part-time: A minimum of five (5) semesters and a maximum of eight (8) semesters.

 

COURSE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADUATION

A candidate must have fulfilled the following conditions to be awarded

Postgraduate Diploma

Registered and passed a minimum of 30 credit units of both compulsory and elective courses as follows:

Compulsory courses – 15 units

Elective courses        – 9 units

Project                       – 6 units

30

 

Master of Science                     

Registered and passed a minimum of 48 credit units of both compulsory and elective courses as follows:

Compulsory courses – 33 units

Elective courses         -6 units

Seminar                      – 3 units

Project                         – 6 units

48 units

CURRICULUM SPECIFICATION TABLE

PG Diploma

FIRST SEMESTER                                                    SECOND SEMESTER

3  Compulsory courses           9                                  2 Compulsory courses             6

2  Elective courses                 6                                  1 Elective course                     3

15                                      Project                                  6

15

Master of Science

FIRST SEMESTER                                                    SECOND SEMESTER

3  Compulsory Courses          9                                  3 Compulsory courses             9

2  Elective courses                 6                                  2 Elective course                     6

15                                                                                  15

 

THIRD SEMESTER

Seminar          3

Project             6

9

 

 

STRESS AREAS

0          –           Fundamentals (Maritime History, Maritime Ethics and Oceanography)

1          –           Marine Engineering

2          –           Maritime Law

3          –           Shipping/Port Management

4          –           Marine Biology

5          –           Marine Navigational Systems

6          –           Maritime Insurance

7          –           Marine Information Management

8          –           Seminar

9          –           Project

PROGRAMMES IN MARITIME REGULATION STUDIES, LAW AND POLICY

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

The following may qualify for registration for the programmes in Maritime Regulation Studies, Law and Policy

Postgraduate Diploma

(i)   Graduates of the University of Nigeria or of other recognized universities, with a minimum of Third Class honours degree and a minimum CGPA of 2.0 on a five-point scale.

 

(ii)   Holders of the Higher National Diploma (HND) in Maritime Regulation Studies, Law and Policy with not less than an Upper Credit pass. Candidates with HND should have obtained credit pass in 5 subjects including English Language and Mathematics in SSCE, NECO or GCE O/L in not more than two sittings.

Degree of Master of Science (MSc)

(i)   Graduates of the University of Nigeria or of other recognized Universities who have obtained the Bachelor’s Degree in Law (LL.B) with a minimum of Second Class honours and a minimum CGPA of 3.0 on a five-point scale, or 2.5 on a four-point scale.

 

(ii)   Candidates with the Postgraduate Diploma in Maritime Regulation Studies, Law and Policy of the University of Nigeria or of any recognized Institution and with not less than an Upper Credit Pass.

 

BREAKDOWN OF THE COURSES

Postgraduate Diploma

                                                        FIRST SEMESTER
COMPULSORY COURSES
S/N COURSE CODE  

COURSE TITLE

CREDIT UNITS
1 DMR 0501 Introduction to Oceanography and Maritime History 3
2 DMR 0521 General Principles of International Maritime Law 3
3 DMR 0523 Law of Carriage of Goods by Sea 3
ELECTIVE COURSES ( ANY TWO COURSES)
1 DMR 0531 Introduction to Maritime Economics 3
2 DMR 0535 Shipping and Port Administration 3
3 DMR 0561 Maritime Insurance I 3
4 DMR 0571 Introduction to Marine Data Analysis 3
5 DMR 0573 Saga and Related Data Management 3
TOTAL                                   15

 

                                                        SECOND SEMESTER
COMPULSORY COURSES
S/N COURSE CODE  

COURSE TITLE

CREDIT UNITS
1 DMR 0502 Maritime Environmental Ethics 3
2 DMR 0522 Regulation of Shipping and Commerce 3
ELECTIVE COURSES ( ANY ONE COURSE)
1 DMR 0532 Management of Ship Operations 3
2 DMR 0534 Personal and Human Resources Management in the Maritime Industry 3
3 DMR 0562 Maritime Insurance II 3
4 DMR 0572 Basic PC Handling 3
PROJECT
  DMR 0590 Project 6
TOTAL                                   15

 

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS FOR THE POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA PROGRAMME

DMR 0501   Introduction to Oceanography and Maritime History   (3 units)

Description of the ocean basins and the mechanisms of their evolution; the physical and chemical properties of seawater; role of the oceans in elemental cycles, particularly the carbon cycle; ocean circulation and waves. Geology of the coastal ocean, beaches, and estuaries; biotic and physical factors structuring the oceans including global warming; coastal development. The course will also equip students with knowledge of the importance of maritime studies.

  • General overview of maritime Globally Including modes of transport – Rail transport, Road transport, Pipeline and water transport
  • Maritime transport during the colonial period (1900-1960) – characteristic of existing waterways in Nigeria, inception of dredging of waterways, development of water transport services in Nigeria.
  • Development of shipping and Establishment of port facilities – Foundation of modern shipping in Nigeria, shipping during the world war 1  , 1914 – 1918, colonial government takeover of shipping 1917-1918 ,in the inter- ways (1919-1939) shipping during and after the world war 2 (1939-1960).
  • Impact of maritime transport in Nigeria and Maritime policies – Acts and policies that have shaped maritime in Nigeria. Socio- political and economic developments, crime and sea pirates impacts of maritime activities.

DMR 0502   Maritime Environmental Ethics   (3 units)

This course is designed to deal with ethical issues and problems as they relate to the environment, particularly the maritime environment. The course deals with issues and problems arising from the need to extend ethical thinking and moral values beyond the traditional area of the relationship between human beings to the relationship between human beings and nature, both sentient and non-sentient nature, and the question of the intrinsic value of nature.  The course explores the evolution of environmental ethics, the contending perspectives, theories and practices; and the most appropriate approaches especially in relation to Nigeria.

DMR 0521   General Principles of International Maritime Law   (3 units)

This course provides an overview of the various aspects of Maritime Law.

  1. Delimitation of the relevant waters

Internal waters, the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone, Harbour works and Roadsteads, International Straights and Waterways, The High Sea and the Sea-bed, the Continental Shelf.

  1. The Principle of Freedom of the Seas

Ordinary and Extra-ordinary Rights of ‘Jurisdiction in time of peace, special Reference to piracy and the slave trade, coercive measures short of war; Limitations and The Sea-Bed.

  1. Uses of the High Seas and the Sea-Bed

Navigation, Fisheries, Exploitation of other Natural Resources, Scientific Research and Experiments, Disposal of radioactive waste; Naval Exercises; Pipelines, Cables, Mechanical Installations and other uses.

  1. Jurisdiction Over Maritime Areas Adjacent to the Coast

The Regime of Ports and Internal Waters; The Regime of the Territorial Sea and the contiguous zone; The Regime of the Continental Shelf; The Right of Hot Pursuit; Ships in distress.

  1. Access to the Sea for States without Sea Coasts

Transit between the Sea and a State without a Sea Coast, use of Ports and the Territorial Sea of Neighbouring States; right to sail ship on the high seas.

  1. The Legal Regime of the Ship

Nationality of ships, flags of convenience, warships and other government-owned ships on Non-commercial Service, government-owned merchant ships, privately-owned merchant ships, collision, wreck and salvage, stateless ships and pirate ships.

  1. The Legal Regime of Crew, Passengers and Cargo:

Jurisdiction conditions of Labour, consular jurisdiction over seamen abroad, Functional Protection of seamen.

  1. Legal Regime of Carriage by Sea

Bills of Lading – When Issued and Their Basic Nature, Transmission of Rights under Bills of Lading, Obligations of the Carrier, Common Clauses in Bills of Lading, The Hague and the Hague Visby Rules, Defences to Maritime Claims, Package Limitation, Tonnage Limitation and Incoterms

 

DMR 0522   Regulation of Shipping and Commerce (3 units)

This course addresses the regulation of domestic shipping and foreign shipping calling at Nigerian and other major ports. The course will begin with an examination of the sources of the Federal government’s power to regulate domestic shipping and the ports as well as the role of other tiers of government. Primary emphasis is on the various governmental agencies that administer domestic laws and regulations affecting shipping and commerce, with secondary emphasis on the role of international treaties and conventions. Specifically examined are the activities of agencies such as the Nigerian Navy, the Customs Service, the Immigration Service, Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency, Nigerian Shippers Council, the Nigerian Port Authorities, Pre-shipment Inspection Agency and various other agencies. Other areas addressed include vessel documentation, pilotage, vessel inspection, crew licensing, tonnage duties, hazardous materials transportation, pollution laws, wreck removal, traffic regulation schemes and port development.

DMR 0523   Law of Carriage of Goods by Sea   (3 units)

Common and Private Carriers; The history of carrier’s liability, The pendulum of liability – Harter/Hague/Hamburg to UNCITRAL/CMI draft ,  Hague Visby Rules -basic structure & application; F. O. R. or F. O. T., C. I. F., and F. O. B. Contracts; Charter-parties:  Charter parties Generally, Time Charters, Voyage Charters, Bareboat or Demise Charters, Obligations of the Owner, Obligations of the Charterer, Common issues arising out Of Charter parties, Law to be Applied to Charter party Disputes; Bills of Lading, Waybills and non-negotiable receipts and their electronic equivalents; Consignor’s obligations; Rights, Duties and Liabilities of the Carrier, Common Law and Statutory; Loading, Discharge and Delivery of Goods; The Exclusion of a Carrier’s Liabilities; General Average, Demurrage and Freight; Seaworthiness, due diligence and the ISM Code – Art 3 Hague Visby Rules.

 

DMR 0531  Introduction to Maritime Economics

The function of shipping in the economic development of a country. The supply and demand characteristics of shipping; quality of service, load factors, etc. shipping cost, cost estimation and standardized cost models. Commercial policy with regard to depreciation, substitution and utilization, cross-subsidization and unremunerative services. Investment and pricing policies. Economic appraisal of ship acquisition and port development projects. Cost-benefit analysis and multi-objective evaluation.

DMR 0532  Management of Shipping Operations

Nature ship operations. Scheduling and crew management. Ship conversion. Launching of ships; launching calculations. Documentation procedure at ports. Traffic estimation and evaluation.

DMR 0533  Personnel  and Human Resources Management in the Maritime Industry

People and organisation. Manpower planning, forecasting and inventory. Recruitment and selection methods. Effect of career planning on organisations. Management development and training. Human behaviour and theories of personal and group dynamics. Conflict resolution. Leadership styles. Strategies for organisational development and growth.

DMR 0534  Shipping and Ports Administration

Shipping and international trade. Need for port planning, goals of port planning. Determination of berth and traffic optimality. Social, economic and political considerations in port planning. Administration of ports. Ports policies.

DMR 0561   Maritime Insurance I   (3 units)

Microeconomic analysis of behaviour under Uncertainty, Lotteries, expected utility, Uniqueness of the expected utility function. Risk aversion and demand for insurance. Comparative analysis of simple portfolio problem. Relative risk aversion, state. Basic principles of risk management and insurance. Examination of the role of insurance in the treatment of pure risk. Foundations of corporate value analysis  in the insurance industry and in determining premium and actuarial decisions. Examination of the composition, financial structure, and operations of the insurance industry. Consumer problems and solutions.

DMR 0562   Maritime Insurance II   (3 units)

Development of reinsurance markets, elements and principles, facultative reinsurance, treaty reinsurance-pro rata, treaty reinsurance-surplus share, excess reinsurance, contract wording and accounting. Group insurance benefits including  the analysis of  governmental environment, contract provisions, underwriting, cost containment and alternative funding methods.

DMR 0571  Introduction to Marine Data Analysis   (3 units)

Overview of data analysis protocols; data analysis and maritime management; sources and uses of marine information; interpretation and recording of data; elements of software design; networking (internet and web).

DMR 0572   Basic PC Handling   (3 units)

Overview of computer programmes and processes for marine management; data computation and flow; different levels of marine data; overview of scalar and vector analysis; computer data management.

DMR 0573 Saga and Related Data Management   (3 units)

Introduction to the saga; preliminary saga setup; creation of maps in saga; creation of graticules in saga; overview of gridding and contouring; socio-political boundaries and coastlines; scatter, section and surface plots

DMR 0590    Project   (6 units)

 

BREAKDOWN OF THE COURSES

Master of Science (M.Sc) in Maritime Regulation Studies, Law and Policy

                                                        FIRST SEMESTER
COMPULSORY COURSES
S/N COURSE CODE  

COURSE TITLE

CREDIT UNITS
1 MMR 701 Introduction to Oceanography 3
2 MMR 703 Maritime History 3
3 MMR 721 General Principles of International Maritime Law 3
4 MMR 723 Carriage of Goods by Sea 3
5 MBM 735 Maritime Administration 3
ELECTIVE COURSES ( ANY ONE COURSE)
1 MBE 713 Economics of Ship Design 3
2 MMR 725 Inland Waters and Water ways 3
3 MMR 727 Regulation of Shipping Commerce 3
4 MBM 761 Marine Insurance III 3
TOTAL                                   18

 

                                                       SECOND SEMESTER
COMPULSORY COURSES
S/N COURSE CODE  

COURSE TITLE

CREDIT UNITS
1 MMR 702 Research Methodology and Technical Report Writing 3
2 MMR 722 Admiralty Jurisdiction and Practice 3
3 MMR 724 Law of Marine Insurance 3
4 MMR 726 Public International Law 3
5 MMR 728 International Law of the Sea and Maritime Security 3
ELECTIVE COURSES ( ANY ONE COURSE)
1 MBM 734 Human Resources Management in the Maritime Industry 3
2 MBM 738 Strategic Management 3
3 MBM 732 Marine Safety Operations 3
4 MBM 762 Marine Insurance IV 3
5 MBM 774 Information and Communication Techniques in Maritime Industry 3
TOTAL 18

 

                                                     THIRD SEMESTER
1 MMR 729 Law of Marine Pollution 3
2 MMR 780 Seminar in Maritime Regulations 3
3 MMR 790 Project 6
TOTAL                                   12

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS FOR THE MASTERS DEGREE PROGRAMME

MMR 701 Introduction to Oceanography (3units)

Origin of the Earth and its oceans; geography and physiographic of ocean basins ;evolution of ocean basins (plate tectonics); oceanic sediment and sediment transport mechanisms; physical characteristics of ocean water; surface and subsurface circulation of ocean waters; ocean-atmosphere interactions (including climate, monsoons, hurricanes, and El Niño events, climate change); origin and description of waves and tides; coastlines and their management and pollution of the oceans (environmental issues)

MMR 702 Research Methodology and Technical Report Writing (3 units)

The nature of surveys for maritime management. Methods of collecting data. Design of questionnaire. Survey planning and execution. Sampling and designs: simple, random, stratified, systematic, cluster and multi-stage sampling. Area sampling. Sample size determination. Analysis of response errors. Introductory techniques of data analysis: measures of central tendency and dispersion. Principles of effective communication and technical writing. Organisation and presentation of technical reports, feasibility studies, technical proposals and technical descriptions and instructions. Technical correspondence.

MMR 703   Maritime History   (3 units)

Aim: This course is designed to introduce students to the developments in the field of maritime. In particular, students will explore the ways maritime industry has evolved over the years, from international domain to Nigeria. The course will also equip students with knowledge of the importance of maritime studies.

  1. General overview of maritime Globally Including modes of transport – Rail transport, Road transport, Pipeline and water transport
  2. Maritime transport during the colonial period (1900-1960) – characteristic of existing waterways in Nigeria, inception of dredging of waterways, development of water transport services in Nigeria.
  • Development of shipping and Establishment of port facilities – Foundation of modern shipping in Nigeria, Development of port facilities, shipping during the World War 1 (1914 – 1918), colonial government takeover of shipping (1917-1918), in the inter- ways (1919-1939), shipping during and after the World War 2 (1939-1945).
  1. Maritime transport in the Era of containerization (1960-2000)

Inception of containerization in Nigeria (container shipping), contribution of Elder Dempster and palm line to maritime activities, maritime activities during the Nigeria / Biafra civil war, post-civil war maritime activities.

  1. Impact of maritime transport in Nigeria and Maritime policies – Acts and policies that have shaped maritime in Nigeria. Socio- political and economic developments, crime and sea pirates impacts of maritime activities.

 

MME 713   Economics of ship Design   (3 units)

Application of the principles of engineering economics to the design of ships. Selection of a measure of merit. Influence of corporate income tax, leverage, inflation, accelerated depreciation plants. Cost estimates for building and operating ships.

 

MMR 721   General Principles of International Maritime Law    (3 units)

This course provides an overview of the various aspects of Maritime Law.

  1. History and Sources of the Law

The treatment of sources should include a rudimentary discussion of the nature of treaties and other aspects of public international law which constitute major sources of the law applicable to maritime issues.

  1. Delimitation of the relevant waters

Internal waters, the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone, Harbour works and Roadsteads, International Straights and Waterways, The High Sea and the Sea-bed, the Continental Shelf.

  • The Principle of Freedom of the Seas

Ordinary and Extra-ordinary Rights of ‘Jurisdiction in time of peace, special Reference to piracy and the slave trade, coercive measures short of war; Limitations and The Sea-Bed.

  1. Uses of the High Seas and the Sea-Bed

Navigation, Fisheries, Exploitation of other Natural Resources, Scientific Research and Experiments, Disposal of radioactive waste; Naval Exercises; Pipelines, Cables, Mechanical Installations and other uses.

  1. Jurisdiction Over Maritime Areas Adjacent to the Coast

The Regime of Ports and Internal Waters; The Regime of the Territorial Sea and the contiguous zone; The Regime of the Continental Shelf; The Right of Hot Pursuit; Ships in distress.

  1. Access to the Sea for States without Sea Coasts

Transit between the Sea and a State without a Sea Coast, use of Ports and the Territorial Sea of Neighbouring States; right to sail ship on the high seas.

  • The Legal Regime of the Ship

Nationality of ships, flags of convenience, warships and  other government-owned ships on Non-commercial Service, government-owned merchant. ships, privately- owned merchant ships, collision, wreck and salvage, stateless ships and pirate ships.

  • The Legal Regime of Crew, Passengers and Cargo

Jurisdiction, conditions of Labour, consular jurisdiction over seamen abroad, Functional Protection of seamen.

  1. Introduction to the Legal Regime of Carriage by Sea

Bills of Lading – When Issued and Their Basic Nature, Transmission of Rights under Bills of Lading, Obligations of the Carrier, Common Clauses in Bills of Lading, The Hague and the Hague Visby Rules, Defences to Maritime Claims, Package Limitation, Tonnage Limitation and Incoterms.

 

  1. Maritime Law in time of War

Prize Law and Prize Courts of Maritime Warfare; the law of Maritime Neutrality.

  1. International Maritime Institutions

Types, Functions, Organization and Jurisdiction.

MMR 722   Admiralty Jurisdiction and Practice   (3 units)

Introduction: This should encompass a basic exploration of prerequisite concepts necessary for the non-lawyer to appreciate the intricacies of judicial power and jurisdiction including the definition of key terms. It should also cover the challenges of exercising jurisdiction over ambulatory personnel and vessels, the sources of applicable principles particularly international treaties as domesticated, customary international law and domestically originated statutes.

 

Topics shall include: The history of admiralty jurisdiction in England and its reception into Nigeria and other key jurisdictions; The justification for admiralty courts and tribunals –The Federal High Court and specialized courts in other countries; The law to be applied in maritime disputes; Actions in rem and actions in personam; The Arrest Conventions/ Maritime liens & claims; Associated ship arrests; Security arrests; Arrest procedures in United States, England and Australia; Declining jurisdiction – forum non conveniens and stay of proceedings; Evidence, Inspection & Discovery; Judicial Sale & the execution process / Ranking of claims; Enforcement of judgments abroad and            Miscellaneous Admiralty & Uniform Rules

MMR 723   Law of Carriage of Goods by Sea   (3 units)

Common and Private Carriers; The history of carrier’s liability, The pendulum of liability – Harter/Hague/Hamburg to UNCITRAL/CMI draft ,  Hague Visby Rules -basic structure & application; F. O. R. or F. O. T., C. I. F., and F. O. B. Contracts; Charter-parties: Charter parties Generally, Time Charters, Voyage Charters, Bareboat or Demise Charters, Obligations of the Owner, Obligations of the Charterer, Common issues arising out Of Charter parties, Law to be Applied to Charter party Disputes;  Bills of Lading, Waybills and non-negotiable receipts and their electronic equivalents; Consignor’s obligations; Rights, Duties and Liabilities of the Carrier, Common Law and Statutory; Loading, Discharge and Delivery of Goods; The Exclusion of a Carrier’s Liabilities; General Average, Demurrage and Freight; Seaworthiness, due diligence and the ISM Code – Art 3 Hague Visby Rules.

MMR 724   Law of Marine Insurance   (3 units)

Historical development of Marine insurance; The contract of marine insurance; Forms, content and construction of marine policies; General principles: insurable interest, indemnity, assignment and subrogation; The rights duties and liabilities of agents and brokers in marine insurance; Floating policies; object of Marine Insurance; Deviation and change of Voyage; Time policies; Vitiating factors in Marine Insurance: Non-disclosure, misrepresentation and illegality; Warranties, Liability of underwriters: Losses by the perils insured against, Excepted Risks and Losses; General and particular average; Claims: Total and constructive Losses, Return of Premium; marine salvage; Reinsurance.

MMR 725   Inland Waters and Waterways   (3 units)

Riparian rights; Competing state rights in navigation and access to water, including the legal regime for dams and other major projects that affect the structure of inland waterways; Indigenous peoples’ historical rights to water resources; Environmental issues: pollution control, marine life conservation and the ecological impact of major projects like mines, factories, dams and roads on inland waterways.

MMR 726   Public International Law (3 units)

Introduction and history of international law; Nature of international law and bases of obedience to international law; Sources of International Law; subjects of international law, States and Sovereignty; State Recognition; Law of Treaties, Law of the Sea; Humanitarian Law, State Responsibility; International economic law; The United Nations and other International Institutions.

MMR 727   Regulation of Shipping and Commerce   (3 units)

This course addresses the regulation of domestic shipping and foreign shipping calling at Nigerian and other major ports. The course will begin with an examination of the sources of the Federal government’s power to regulate domestic shipping and the ports as well as the role of other tiers of government. Primary emphasis is on the various governmental agencies that administer domestic laws and regulations affecting shipping and commerce, with secondary emphasis on the role of international treaties and conventions. Specifically examined are the activities of agencies such as the Nigerian Navy, the Customs Service, the Immigration Service, Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency, Nigerian Shippers Council, the Nigerian Port Authorities, Pre-shipment Inspection Agency and various other agencies. Other areas addressed include vessel documentation, pilotage, vessel inspection, crew licensing, tonnage duties, hazardous materials transportation, pollution laws, wreck removal, traffic regulation schemes and port development.

MMR 728   International Law of the Sea and Maritime Security   (3 units)

This module will introduce you to the comprehensive legal framework of the international law of the sea. You will examine the various maritime jurisdictional zones recognised in international law, including principles relating to the territorial sea, archipelagic waters, international straits, contiguous zone, continental shelf, exclusive economic zone, high seas, and deep seabed. The module also considers the resolution of competing claims to maritime areas and resources, and focuses on concerns arising from human use of the oceans, such as maritime security and piracy, exploitation of offshore resources, fisheries management, the conservation of marine biodiversity, and marine pollution, rules for securing safety at sea such as rules for the prevention of collisions at sea; assistance at sea; load-time conventions and safety of life at sea.

MMR 729   Law of Marine Pollution (3 units)

Nature,  history and forms of marine pollution; The sources of pollution law -national laws, international conventions and regimes of self-regulation; Public nuisance  and other sources of non-statutory liability; Liability for Pollution from shipping waste and ship bunkers;  Pollution damage resulting from exploration for and exploitation of seabed mineral resources;  The liability of charterers for marine pollution; Maritime pollution and state liability; Decommissioning of oil installations; The role of criminal law in pollution control; Compensation and Insurance.

MBM 732 Marine Safety and Operations (3 units)

Aspects of marine safety operations. Life-saving devices: life jackets; lifeboats, etc. fire protection devices and materials. Fire fighting and requisite equipment. Marine search and rescue operations. Oil spills and clearance procedures. Safety regulations: IOM Conventions on Marine Safety, ISOLAS, MARPOL, 1509000, etc. marine safety administration in Nigeria.

MBM 734 Human Resource Management in the Maritime Industry (3 units)

Manpower planning. Job analysis and description. Manpower forecasting. Manpower inventory. Employee appraisal and compensation. Management development and training. Labour law. Employee record maintenance. Sociological skills in supervision and management. Applications of social psychology. Role, structure and management of trade unions and employers associations. Theories of industrial relations systems. Origin and purpose of trade union Acts, Labour Acts and Trade Disputes Acts. Collective bargaining. Labour economics and labour management relations.

MBM 735 Maritime Administration (3 units)

The maritime industry: components and administrative implications. The shipping company: structure and functions. The Port Authority: organisation and functions. Administration in related maritime establishments. Maritime administration in Nigeria: roles of Nigerian Ports Authority; Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Authority (NIMASA), Nigerian Shippers Council, etc. international/Regional administrative organisations: IAWACA; MINCOMAR, ANSL, UASC.

 

 

MBM 738 Strategic Management in the Maritime Industry (3 units)

Meaning and concepts of strategic management: policy; strategy; vision; mission; goals; objectives, etc. strategic management processes. Environment and strategic management. Environmental typology. Concepts of environmental audits. SWOT analysis. Strategic formulation in maritime studies. Vision, mission, goals and objectives. Strategic implementation: grand strategies; business strategies; functional strategies (the organic business function and organisational structure) strategy and structure in maritime studies, calculating quantitative indices from maritime business data. Strategic management tools. Decision making and problem solving in strategic management.

 

MBM 761   Maritime Insurance III    (3 units)

Fundamentals of Marine Insurance, The historical development of marine insurance, the rise of Lloyd’s and the London Insurance Markets;  Current marine insurance market; Principles of insurance law, Decision under uncertainty; Futures Markets;  Hull insurance law, cargo insurance, general average and salvage insurance. The legal problems involved in insurance, eg against physical loss or damage to maritime property; against maritime liabilities (protection and indemnity), and for damage to cargo. Analysis of property and liability loss exposures and their management, with primary emphasis on marine insurance.

MBM 762   Maritime Insurance IV   (3 units)

Legal problems associated with marine insurance policies. Various traditional types of marine property and liability policies. Cyber insurance issues, the liability of agents, brokers, and underwriters; excess and surplus lines coverage; the duty to defend; reinsurance; and current problems in the law of marine insurance coverages. Analysis of the  commercial property loss exposures including fire, business, crime, inland marine, ocean marine, and miscellaneous property damage. Analysis of risks to select optimal combinations of risks treatment and insurance for financial protection against losses.

Field Experience: On completion of coursework, the students will be required to undergo minimal field experience. This field experience is designed to integrate the classroom theory with practical work experience in professional Marine Insurance Institutions. This could be a one week experience visit to such Institutions where student experience firsthand the work of these institutions.

MME 774 Information and Communications Technology in the Maritime Industry (3 units)

Concepts of information technology (computing, telecommunication, video conferencing, etc). Maritime management and data processing hardware, software, peripherals and equipment. Potentials and limitations of information technology in maritime management information system support for for maritime management. Communication and cybernetics. Electronic data interchange (EDI) in maritime management. Information technology applications to port operations, maritime safety management, ship design, freight and passenger scheduling, ticketing, etc. maritime management and the internet system. E-commerce in maritime management.

MMR 780    Seminar in Maritime Regulations, Law and Policy   (3 units)

MMR 790    Project   (6 units)

 

 

POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA (PGD) PROGRAMME

IN

MARITIME BUSINESS AND INTERNTIONAL LOGISTICS

 

 

 

FEBRUARY, 2015

POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES IN

MARITIME BUSINESS AND LOGISTICS

 

PHILOSOPHY

The PGD programme in Maritime Business and Internationa Logistics is hinged on the philosophy of providing relevant basic and remedial training for the purpose of higher studies and managerial positions in maritime and related businesses including self-employment.

 

VISION

To be the place of resort for the provision of intermediate postgraduate training in preparation of students for enrolment for further academic work in Maritime Business and International Logistics.

 

OBJECTIVES

The specific objectives of the postgraduate Diploma (PGD) programme  in Maritime Busiess and International Logistics are:

  • Provide understanding of the core courses In Maritime Busisss and Logistics.
  • Provide knowlegde of the basic skills and tools for decision making in the discipline in pivate and public sectors.

 

SCOPE

The programme consists of course work and project report. It also covers  knowledg, skills, values and attitudes developed from the Arts, Law, Economics, Accounting, Banking and Finance, Insurance, Marketing and Management.

 

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

The postgraduate Diploma offered by the University of Nigeria in Maritime Business and International Logistics equips her graduates for employment and service in the public and private sector especially in Customs, immigrations, the navy and security services, ministries of trade, commerce and industry, ports authorities, shipbuilding and repairs, dock services, marine research institutes. Graduates should also be readily employable in the private sector areas focused on maritime insurance, maritime law, maritime business, maritime logistics, shipping, port and dock services, maritime consultancies, marine related research companies.

 

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

The following may qualify for registration for Postgraduate Diploma in Marine Business andInternational Logistics.

 

Postgraduate Diploma

(i)   Graduates of the University of Nigeria or of other recognized universities, with a minimum of third class honours degree ( minimum CGPA of 2.5   on a 5 point scale).

 

(ii)   Holders of the Higher National Diploma (HND) in maritime studies and related disciplines with not less than an Upper Credit pass. Candidates with HND, should have obtained credit pass in 5 subjects including English Language and Mathematics in SSCE, NECO or GCE O/L in not more than two sittings.

 

DURATION OF PROGRAMME

The maximum and minimum duration of the Postgraduate programme shall be:

 

Full-time: A minimum of two(2) semesters and a maximum of four (4) semesters.

Part-time: A minimum of four(4) Semesters and a maximum of six(6) semesters.

 

 

Stress Areas

Maritime Fundamentals                                                                 0

Maritime Law                                                                                1

Maritime Management                                                                  2

Maritime Marketing                                                                      3

Maritime Finance/Insurance                                                          4

Maritime Accountancy                                                                  5

MIS/Research                                                                                6

Maritime Economics                                                                     7

Seminar                                                                                          8

Project Report                                                                                9

 

 

COURSE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADUATION

A candidate must have fulfilled the following conditions to be awarded a PGD in Maritime Business and International Logistics –

 

Registered and passed a minimum of 30 credit units of both compulsory and elective courses as follows:

Compulsory courses               –           15 units

Elective courses                      –           9 units

Project                                     –           6units

 

 

CURRICULUM SPECIFICATION TABLE

 

FIRST SEMESTER                                                    SECOND SEMESTER

3  corecourses                          9                                              2 core courses             6

2  elective courses                   6                                              1 elective course         3

15                                            Project                        6

15

 

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS FOR THE PGD PROGRAMME IN MARITIME BUSINESS AND INTERNATIONAL LOGISTICS

First Semester:

Core Courses

Course CodeCourse Title                                                                                Credit units

MBL701         Introduction to Maritime Business Ethics                                          3 units

MBL711         Principles of International Maritime Business Law                           3units

MBL 771        Introduction to Maritime Microeconomics                                         3 units

 

Electives (choose only 2)      

MBL741         Maritime Insurance I                                                                          3 units MBL743            Maritime Business Finance                                                                3units

MBL751         Principles of Accounting                                                                    3 units

 

Second Semester:

Core:

MBL714         Law Governing Carriage of Goods by Sea                                         3 units

MBL762         Research Methodology and Information Technology                        3 units

MBL790         Research Projects                                                                                6 units

 

Electives:        (choose any 1)

MBL722         Principles of Maritime Management and Administration                  3 units

MBL742         Maritime Insurance II                                                                         3 units

 

MBL732         Principles of Macro Economics                                                          3 units

 

 

 

Details  of Courses:

 

MBL 701        Introduction to Maritime Business Ethics

 

This course is designed to deal with ethical issues and problems as they relate to the environment, particularly the maritime environment. The course deals with issues and problems arising from the need to extend ethical thinking and moral values beyond the traditional area of the relationship between human beings to the relationship between human beings and nature, both sentient and non-sentient nature, and the question of the intrinsic value of nature. The course explores the evolution of environmental ethics, the contending perspectives, theories and practices; and the most appropriate approaches especially in relation to Nigeria.

 

MBL 711        Principles of International Maritime Business Law

 

Internal waters, the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone, Harbour works and Roadsteads, International Straights and Waterways, The High Sea and the Sea-bed, the Continental Shelf.

 

MBL 771        Introduction to Maritime Microeconomics

 

Theory of Consumer Behaviour: Demand, Utility Approach, and Indifference Curve Approaches, Household distribution of Income and Wealth. Theory of Production; Theory of the Firm: Cost, and Revenue Theories of the Firm. Determination of Wages, Rent, Interest rates, and Profits. Theory of Employment and Distribution in Perfectly and Imperfectly Competitive Markets: Market Structures, Price Determination and Controls; Pricing under Various Market Structures (in Developing Countries, such as Nigeria) Perfect, Imperfect, Monopolistic and Oligopolistic Competition.

 

MBL 741        Maritime Law and Insurance

 

Microeconomic Analysis of BehaviourUnder Uncertainty, Lotteries, expected utility, Uniqueness of the expected utility function. Risk aversion and demand for insurance.Comparative analysis of simple portfolio problem.Relative risk aversion, state.Basic principles of risk management and insurance.Examination of the role of insurance in the treatment of pure risk.Foundations of corporate value analysis in the insurance industry and in determining premium and actuarial decisions.Examination of the composition, financial structure, and operations of the insurance industry.Consumer problems and solutions.

 

 

MBL 743        Maritime Business Finance

 

This course covers working capital financial management: Accounts, Receivables Management, inventory Management, and Cash Management. It also covers capital Budgeting decision, and capital structure decisions.

 

MBL 751        Principles of Accounting

 

This course is designed to expose students to the principles of the core courses in accounting. The topics include: The basic principles and concepts of accounting in business organizations; Double Entry Bookkeeping, Ledgers and Journals, trial balance; Basic theory and practice of cost and management accounting, auditing (internal and external), public sector accounting, financial and taxation; Final Accounts of sole proprietorships, Partnerships and Registered Companies; Incomplete records and accounts of non-trading organizations; Types of Income; underlying assumptions in income reporting, economic and accounting concepts of income.

 

 

 

 

 

MBL 714        Regulation of Shipping and Commerce

 

This course addresses the regulation of domestic shipping and foreign shipping calling at Nigerian and other major ports. The course will begin with an examination of the sources of the Federal government’s power to regulate domestic shipping and the ports as well as the role of other tiers of government. Primary emphasis is on the various governmental agencies that administer domestic laws and regulations affecting shipping and commerce, with secondary emphasis on the role of international treaties and conventions. Specifically examined are the activities of agencies such as the Nigerian Navy, the Customs Service, the Immigration Service, Nigerian Maritime Agency and Safety Administration, Nigerian Shippers Council, the Nigerian Port Authorities, Pre-shipment Inspection Agency and various other agencies. Other areas addressed include vessel documentation, pilotage, vessel inspection, crew licensing, tonnage duties, hazardous materials transportation, pollution laws, wreck removal, traffic regulation schemes and port development.

 

 

MBL 762        Research Methodology and Information Technology

 

Students will be exposed to academic research in social Sciences, guiding principles of academic enquiry in accountancy and general framework on project reporting, problems of research in developing countries, common errors in research, problem identification, literature review, material and methods, results (Data analysis), discussions, summary, conclusions and recommendations, Report Writing. Students shall be given assignments and surveys to be conducted using ICT applications & tool example Survey monkey, in order to Create Surveys, Event Planning, Sharing surveys and making use of available templates.

 

MBL 722 Principles of Maritime Management and Administration

 

The maritime industry: components and administrative implications. The shipping company: structure and fuctions.  The port authority: organization and functions. Adminisration in related maritime establishments. Nigerian Ports Authority,  National Maritime Authority, Nigerian Shippers’ Council, etc International/regional administrative organizations: IAWACA, MINCOMAR, ANSL, UASC. Meaning and concepts of management policy, vision, mission, goals and objectives etc .The management and administration process. Environmental typology . SWOT analysis, business strategies, functional strategies(the organic business function and organizational structure). Calculating quantitative indices from maritime business data.Maritime management tools; decision making and problem solving in maritime business and international logistics.

 

MBL 742 Maritime Insurance II

Development of reinsurance markets, elements and principles, facultative reinsurance, treaty, reinsurance-pro rata, treaty reinsurance-surplus share, excess reinsurance,  wording of the contract and accounting. Group insurance benefits including the analysis of governmental environment, contract provisions, underwriting, cost containment and alternative funding methods.

MBL 732 Principles of macroeconomics

National income (Accounting and Determination), Money supply, price level, and balance of payments.Keynesian, Classical and Neo- ClassicalTheories of Money.Theories of Consumptions and Investment; Aggregate Saving, Government Expenditure, Budget and Taxation.Monetary Policy in determining the general level of Economic activity under static and dynamic equilibrium.Inflation, level of Employment and Unemployment, Economic Grrowth and Development.

 

MBL 790      Research Report

 

Students will be required to present a well researched paper in any relevant topic in Marine Business and International Logistics, approved by their supervisor and presented as part of the requirements for the award of PGD. The project must make valuable contribution to knowledge in areas of Marine Business and International Logistics.

 

MASTER OF SCIENCE (M.Sc) PROGRAMME

IN

MARITIME RADIO & TELECOMMUNICATIONS

 

 

 

 

FEBRUARY, 2015

 


 

POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES IN MARITIME TELECOMMUNICATIONS

 

INTRODUCTION

Nigeria has 853 kilometers of coastline and a number of islets within its territorial waters. It also has great inland waterways, being home to hundreds of kilometers of the River Niger and the Niger Delta; hundreds of kilometers of the River Benue and a host of rivers and lakes, including Lake Chad.

Nigerian communities and ethnic groups navigated these waters from pre-historic times, using mostly traditionally made canoes. These waters have been a source of livelihood to many Nigerian communities by way of providing food, such as fish, crabs and other aquatic animals; seasonings such as salt; and the avenue for trade and commerce; etc. Since contact with Europeans at the coast in the 16th century, Nigerian waters have been the backbone of international trade and commerce; and the country has shared and continues to share in the attendant issues and problems associated with international trade and politics. These issues and problems deeply affect the country, her citizens and destiny. The Institute of Maritime Studies aims at developing human capacity to impact on these issues and problems and address them innovatively, hence the development of a curriculum in maritime studies.

 

PHILOSOPHY

Maritime Studies is an interdisciplinary academic field that embraces the liberal arts and the sciences as the foundation for exploring humankind’s critical and continually evolving connections with the world’s waterways and watersheds. It encompasses the liberal arts in recognized humanities and social science disciplines such as History, English, Philosophy, Geography, Economics, Political Science and Anthropology and highlights the social and cultural side of the human/water relationship as well as recognizes and explores the links between human activities and the composition and condition of the coastal and marine environments.  The Philosophy of the Maritime Institute therefore is to provide holistic education that will enable graduates develop their concept building capacities, analytical, verbal and general skills , knowledge, values and attitudes in order to be productive and responsible persons or individuals in the society. The Institute recognizes individual differences and seeks to encourage individuals to develop their unique capacities and talents in solving global environmental problems particularly maritime related problems. Accordingly, the Institute provides inter-disciplinary postgraduate programmes on the literature, history, axiological, policy and science of the ocean and marine environment.

 

OBJECTIVES

The objectives of the programme are to:

  1. Support and promote research in maritime studies and related environmental, axiological, policy and management studies;
  2. Equip the students with a higher level of thinking leading to understanding of ocean dynamics and maritime history, literature, policy and management;
  3. Enable students to analyze, evaluate and model the complex interactions between coastal and maritime environment, maritime activities and management; and
  4. Produce human capacity for maritime management as well as the creation of the information and knowledge-based evidence required for managing and protecting the marine environment.

 

SCOPE

Maritime studies cuts across different disciplines and human activities. As a result, the programme adopts trans-disciplinary approaches and pedagogies. This calls for cooperation and collaboration of faculty from different knowledge areas/disciplines. The programme covers knowledge, skills, values and attitudes developed from the Arts, Biological Sciences, Engineering, Environmental Studies, Law, Management and Social Sciences.

Specifically, the curriculum covers the following content areas: Maritime History, Maritime Ethics, Oceanography, Marine Engineering, Maritime Law, Shipping/Port Management, Marine Biology, Marine Navigation, Maritime Insurance, Marine Information Management, Radio and Marine Telecommunications.  Seminars, Field Work and Project are also inclusive.

 

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

Degrees and Diplomas offered by the Nigerian Institute of Maritime Studies equip her graduates for employment and service in the public and private sectors. Graduates are specially equipped for jobs in such public sector areas as customs, immigrations, the navy and security services, ministries of trade, commerce and industry, ports authorities, shipbuilding and repairs, dock services, marine research institutes. Graduates should be readily employable in the private sector areas focused on maritime insurance, maritime law, shipping, port and dock services, maritime consultancies, marine related research companies.

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

The following may qualify for registration for postgraduate diploma studies

Postgraduate Diploma

Basically, all candidates must have five Credit passes including English, Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry O’Level. Graduates of the University of Nigeria or of other recognized universities with a background in Electrical or Electronic Engineering or Engineering Physics. Candidates must have at least a third Class Honours degree, with a minimum CGPA of 2.0 on a five point scale.

 

Degree of Master of Science (M.Sc)

(i)   Graduates of the University of Nigeria or of other recognized Universities who have obtained the Bachelor’s Degree with a minimum of Second Class honours and a            minimum CGPA of 3.0 on a five-point scale in Electrical/Electronic engineering or any          other related discipline

(ii)   Candidates with the Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) in Maritime Telecommunications of the   University of Nigeria or of any recognized Institution.

 

DURATION OF PROGRAMMES

The minimum and maximum duration of the Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) and M.Sc Degree programmes shall be:

Full-time: A minimum of three (3) semesters and a maximum of four (4) semesters.

Part-time: A minimum of four (4) Semesters and a maximum of six (6) semesters.

 

COURSE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADUATION

A candidate must have fulfilled the following conditions to be awarded

Postgraduate Diploma (PGD)

Registered and passed a minimum of 57 credit units of both compulsory and elective courses as follows:

Compulsory courses    –   41  units

Elective courses           –   6  units

Seminar                       –    2 units

Field work                    –   2  units

Project                          –   6  units

 

STRESS AREAS

0          –           Fundamentals (Maritime History, Maritime Ethics and Oceanography)

1          –           Marine Engineering

2          –           Maritime Law

3          –           Shipping/Port Management

4          –           Marine Biology

5          –           Marine Navigation

6          –           Maritime Insurance

7          –           Marine Information Management

8          –           Radio and Marine Telecommunications

9          –           Seminar/Field Work/Project

POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA (PGD) CURRICULUM IN RADIO AND MARITIME TELECOMMUNICATIONS

FIRST SEMESTER

Major Courses

Course Code                           Title                                                               Units

MST 0601                                Introduction to Oceanography                                               2

MST 0603                                Maritime History                                                                    2

MST 0611                                Ship Systems                                                                          2

MST 0621                                Maritime Law                                                                         2

MST 0641                                Marine Biology                                                                      2

MST 0651                                Marine Navigation I                                                               3

MST 0681                                Communication Principles    (NUC)                                      3

MST 0683                                Communication and Fields Laboratory                                  1

MST 0685                                Communication Systems                                                        3

 

Electives                          (Choose one course from the two courses listed below)

MST 0687                                 Microwave Engineering                                                        3

MST 0689                                 Data Communications                                                           3

                                                                                                                                                23

                          

SECOND SEMESTER                                                                                                

Major Courses                                                                                                         

Course Code                                Title                                                          Units

MST 0602                           Introduction to Maritime Environmental Ethics                         3

MST 0632                           Shipping/Port Management                                                         2

MST 0652                           Marine Navigation II                                                                   3

MST 0662                           Maritime Insurance                                                                      2

MST 0682                           Telecommunications Engineering                                               2

MST 0684                           Introduction to Radar and Navigation Systems                           3

MST 0672                           Marine Information Management                                                3

M ST 0686                          Radio and Television                                                                   3

 

Electives                         (Choose one course from the two courses listed below)

MST 0680                                 Electro-acoustics                                                                     3

MST 0688                                 Communication Networks                                                       3

 24        

THIRD SEMESTER

Major Courses                Title                                                                       Units

MST 0691                                Seminar                                                                                      2

MST 0693                                 Field Work                                                                                2

MST 0695                                 Project                                                                                       6

10  

                                                                                                 Total   =    57 Units

 

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS FOR THE POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA (PGD) PROGRAMME

 

MST 0601:   Introduction to Oceanography   (2 units)

Description of the ocean basins and the mechanisms of their evolution; the physical and chemical properties of seawater; role of the oceans in elemental cycles, particularly the carbon cycle; ocean circulation and waves. Geology of the coastal ocean, beaches, and estuaries; biotic and physical factors structuring the oceans including global warming; coastal development.

MST 0602:   Introduction to Maritime Environmental Ethics   (3 units)

Ethical issues and problems as they relate to the environment, particularly the maritime environment. The need to extend ethical thinking and moral values beyond the traditional area of the relationship between human beings to the relationship between human beings and nature, both sentient and non-sentient nature, and the question of the intrinsic value of nature. The evolution of environmental ethics, the contending perspectives, theories and practices; and the most appropriate approaches especially in relation to Nigeria.

 

MST 0603:   Maritime History   (2 units)

General overview of global maritime history; Maritime transport during the colonial period (1900-1960) ; Development of shipping and Establishment of port facilities; Impact of maritime transport in Nigeria and Maritime policies.

 

MST 0611:     Ship Systems   (3 units)

Types, structures and purposes of ships. Ship compartmentation, propulsion systems, auxiliary power systems, interior communications and ship control. Elements of Ship design to achieve safe operations and ship stability characteristics.

 

MST 0621:   Maritime Law   (2 units)

Nigerian Maritime law; international Maritime law; Admiralty and maritime law practice in Nigeria; laws, conventions and treaties that govern shipping.

MST 0632:   Shipping/Port Management   (2 units)

General care and port maintenance; shipping management; maintenance and management of radio equipment; handling of distress and urgent situations; and Maritime operations management.

 

MST 0641:   Marine Biology   (2 units)

General studies of organisms in the ocean from microscopic to huge cetaceans; Fisheries science and marine conservations, effects of oceanic factors on ocean life forms; and values of maritime life.

 

MST 0651:   Marine Navigation I   (3 units)

Earth-navigation methods, Classification of navigation systems, Celestial mechanics, Principles of celestial navigation, Radio navigation systems, Lat, Lon, and nautical charts, Principles of position fixing (Lines of position, Ranges, Position fix, Estimated position, Dead reckoning, Running fix, Danger bearing, Turn bearing, Snellius construction), Sextant usage and care, Compass checks, Compass use and adjustment,  Time keeping, Route planning, Daily procedures and logbooks, GNSS (GPS, GLONASS, etc), Emergency navigation techniques.

 

MST 0652:   Marine Navigation II (3 units)

Tides and currents, Tide movements, Chart data, Marine weather Resources (Radio sources of weather, Basic principles of high and low, Weather maps and interpretation, Fronts, Squalls, Storms, and hurricanes, Global winds), Inland and coastal navigation , Ocean navigation, Depth sounding navigation, Radio navigation, High seas communication, Overview of radar principles and operation, Navigation by range and bearing, Navigation rules of the road.

 

MST 0662:   Maritime Insurance   (2 units)

History of maritime insurance; formal maritime insurance practices; policies, loss, damage of ships, cargo, terminals; maritime life insurance, protection and indemnity.

 


 

MST 0672:   Introduction to Marine Information Management  (3 units)

Introduction and overview of marine data products; scalars and vector analysis; the nature and uses of the saga; basic data analysis; gridding with saga; introduction to vector charts

 

MST 0680:  Electro Acoustics (ECE 549)

The sound wave: propagation and characteristics. Basic principles of acoustics. Transducers. Microphones, loudspeakers: characteristics and applications. Electroacoustical and electromechanical analogies, acoustics of buildings; reverberation time, sound equalization, diffuse and free-field considerations, noise absorption and insulation. Recording and reproduction systems and media. Introduction to ultrasonics. Applications.

 

MST 0681:   Communications Principles   (3 units)   (NUC)

A general communications system including source, transmission channel and destination. Analogue modulation systems. AM, FM and Phase Modulation. Pulse Modulation: PAM, PWM, PPM and PCM. Introduction to Digital Modulation Techniques. Bandwidth considerations. Devices and systems for communications.

MST 0682:  Telecommunications Engineering (2 units) (NUC min std year                   5)  (ECE542)

Terminal equipment: Analogue and digital. Transmission modes. Switching and switches: Space and time. Exchange stations: Private and Public. Multiplexing and De-multiplexing: Frequency (FDM) and Time (TDM). Fundamentals of channelization: Frequency (FDMA), Time (TDMA) and Code (CDMA); Spread spectrum.

Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN); Traffic and trunking; Public Switched Data Network (PSDN); Integrated Digital Network (IDN) and B-IDN. Telecommunication network  numbering system and services. Mobile communications technology.

Satellite systems: Earth stations, space stations and links. Fundamentals of microwave relay system and signal path estimation.

 


 

MST 0683: Communication and Fields Laboratory    (1 unit)    (ECE481)

The laboratory exercise is set up to familiarize students in setting up of small networks. The students will learn –

  • Design and configure a small Local Area Network (LAN)
  • Basics of common routing protocols
  • Partition a network into subnets
  • Design and addressing scheme for network elements
  • Configure an interface on a router and setup routing processes on a router.

Waveform analysis and different de/modulation schemes; Aerials; Super heterodyne receiver; Transmission lines; Filters; Digital phase detector; Frequency counters.

 

MST  0684: Introduction to Radar and Navigation Systems    (ECE 545)

Operation, history and applications. Radar equation. Radar range, minimum detectable signal,  target indication, tracking radar, laser radar. Radar transmitters, receivers and antennas. Propagation of radar waves. Airborne direction finders, air traffic control radar beacon, instrument low approach system, Ioran, microwave landing systems. Omega. Inmarsat.

 

MST 0685:   Communication Systems    (3 units)   (NUC)

Telephony: Antennas and wave propagation mode. Radar systems. Satellite communication systems. Broadcasting systems (analogue and digital). Introduction to wireless communication systems. Regulations. Telecommunication systems planning.

MST 0686:  Radio and Television  (ECE 548)

Basic radio terminology, marine radio system, VHF radio, single-sideband radio and Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS). Radio broadcast and reception systems.

The video signal, scanning, timing, synchronizing line and field frequencies, transmission standards and systems. Television camera, tubes, the image orthicon and the vidicon-television broadcast and receiver systems. International recommendations for sound and television broadcasting. Broadcasting studio and studio equipment. Compatibility; natural light; colour perception; three colour theory; luminance, hue and saturational colour television camera; the luminance signal; values of luminance (Y) and colour difference signals on colours. Polarity of the colour difference signals; colour TV display tubes; Delta-Gun colour picture tube.

 

MST 0687: Microwave Engineering   (NUC)

Microwave devices and circuits. Variation diode, parametric amplifiers, tunnel diodes, Schottky diode. Gunn oscillators, frequency multipliers and up-converters. Microwave Theory and techniques; transmission lines and waveguides, passive microwave devices: resonators, magic tee, TWT, etc.

MST 0688:  Communication Networks (ECE 546)

Network planning principles; standards. Modeling and simulation basics: Network traffics and network nodes. Queuing theory fundamentals, resources and services demand calculations; forecasting and QoS issues. Network reliability.

ISO-OSI reference model. Network protocols: Specification. SS7 signaling fundamentals. Network protocol architectures basics: LAN, MAN, WAN (Internet), ISDN, B-ISDN, ATM and GSM networks: Architectures and operations.

 

MST 0689: Data Communications (NUC)

Introduction to data communication systems: digital signals and characters, data signals, band rate, serial and parallel data transmission. Networks and Network topology. Baseband Analysis, Modulated carrier signals (ASK, PSK, QPSK, FSK, MSK, GMSK, etc). Coherent and non-coherent detection of binary signals. Error rate comparison. International Standards.

OSI model and functions of the layers. TCP/IP model and functions of the layers. Network management: Telecommunication Network Management.

 

MST 0691:   Seminar   (2 units)

 

MST 0693:   Field Work   (2 units)

On completion of coursework, the students will be required to undergo minimal field experience. This field experience is designed to integrate the classroom theory with practical work experience.

MST 0695:   Research Project   (6 units)

Students will carry out project work from any discipline in Maritime Studies. The project should belong to one of the following disciplines: marine engineering; maritime law; shipping/port management; marine biology; marine navigation, maritime insurance; and marine information management. The project duration is over an academic year and a formal report will be required. Each student is required to make an oral presentation.

 

MASTER OF SCIENCE (M.SC) DEGREE IN MARITIME TELECOMMUNICATION

Compulsory Courses

Course Code                  Course Title                                                 Units

ECE 610                      Communication Theory                                                          3

ECE 611                      Communication Networks & Protocols                                  3

ECE612                      Communication Modeling & Simulation                               3

ECE 613                      Network Traffic Control                                                         3

ECE [  ]                       (Two Optional Courses)                                                         6

18 Units

Research

ECE 602                      Seminars                                                                                 3

ECE 601                      Analytical Tools and ICT for Research in Engineering         3

ECE 603                      Research Methodology in Engineering                                  3

ECE 601                      School of Postgraduate Studies Course                                  3

ECE 600                      Project                                                                                     6

18 Units


 

Optional Courses

Course Code               Course Title                                                                        Units

ECE 614                     Microwave & Satellite Communication                                 3

ECE 615                      Mobile Communication                                                          3

ECE 616                      Networks Design & Implementation                                      3

ECE 617                      Optical Systems                                                                      3

ECE 618                      Microwave Communication System Design                          3

ECE 619                      Radar and Navigation Systems                                               3

(Two courses only are required to be chosen.)
Electives                        (Choose one course from the two courses listed below)

Electro-acoustics                                                                                           3 Units      

Communication Networks                                                                           3 Units

Total units – 32

 

THIRD SEMESTER

Major Courses                        Title                                     Units

MST 0691                                           Seminar                                               2

MST 0693                                           Field Work                                          2

MST O695                                          Project                                                 6

                                                                                                10

                                                Total 74 Units

NOTE:  Candidates who did not undergo Postgraduate Diploma Programme in Radio and Maritime Telecommunication will in addition take the following courses listed below.

 

FIRST SEMESTER

Major Courses

Course Code                            Title                                                                  Units

MST 0601                                Introduction to Oceanography                                               2

MST 0603                                Maritime History                                                                    2

MST 0611                                Ship Systems                                                                          2

MST 0621                                Maritime Law                                                                         2

MST 0651                                Marine Navigation I                                                               3

                                                                                                                                                11

                                                                                                                                               SECOND SEMESTER                                                                                                

Major Courses                                                                                                         

Course Code                         Title                                                                  Units

MST 0602                           Introduction to Maritime Environmental Ethics                         3

MST 0632                           Shipping/Port Management                                                         2

MST 0652                           Marine Navigation II                                                                   3

MST 0672                           Marine Information Management                                               3

 11        

 


 

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS FOR THE POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMME

 

MST 0601:   Introduction to Oceanography   (2 units)

Description of the ocean basins and the mechanisms of their evolution; the physical and chemical properties of seawater; role of the oceans in elemental cycles, particularly the carbon cycle; ocean circulation and waves. Geology of the coastal ocean, beaches, and estuaries; biotic and physical factors structuring the oceans including global warming; coastal development,

 

MST 0602:   Introduction to Maritime Environmental Ethics   (3 units)

Ethical issues and problems as they relate to the environment, particularly the maritime environment. The need to extend ethical thinking and moral values beyond the traditional area of the relationship between human beings to the relationship between human beings and nature, both sentient and non-sentient nature, and the question of the intrinsic value of nature. The evolution of environmental ethics, the contending perspectives, theories and practices; and the most appropriate approaches especially in relation to Nigeria.

MST 0603:   Maritime History   (2 units)

General overview of global maritime history; Maritime transport during the colonial period (1900-1960); Development of shipping and Establishment of port facilities; Impact of maritime transport in Nigeria and Maritime policies.

 

MST 0611:     Ship Systems   (3 units)

Types, structures and purposes of ships. Ship compartmentation, propulsion systems, auxiliary power systems, interior communications and ship control. Elements of Ship design to achieve safe operations and ship stability characteristics.

 

MST 0621:   Maritime Law   (2 units)

Nigerian Maritime law; international Maritime law; Admiralty and maritime law practice in Nigeria; laws, conventions and treaties that govern shipping.

 


MST 0632:   Shipping/Port Management   (2 units)

General care and port maintenance; shipping management; maintenance and management of radio equipment; handling of distress and urgent situations; and Maritime operations management.

 

MST 0651:   Marine Navigation I   (3 units)

Earth-navigation methods, Classification of navigation systems, Celestial mechanics, Principles of celestial navigation, Radio navigation systems, Lat, Lon, and nautical charts, Principles of position fixing (Lines of position, Ranges, Position fix, Estimated position, Dead reckoning, Running fix, Danger bearing, Turn bearing, Snellius construction), Sextant usage and care, Compass checks, Compass use and adjustment,  Time keeping, Route planning, Daily procedures and logbooks, GNSS (GPS, GLONASS, etc), Emergency navigation techniques.

 

MST 0652:   Marine Navigation II  (3 units)

Tides and currents, Tide movements, Chart data, Marine weather Resources (Radio sources of weather, Basic principles of high and low, Weather maps and interpretation, Fronts, Squalls, Storms, and hurricanes, Global winds), Inland and coastal navigation , Ocean navigation, Depth sounding navigation, Radio navigation, High seas communication, Overview of radar principles and operation, Navigation by range and bearing, Navigation rules of the road.

 

MST 0672:   Introduction to Marine Information Management (3 units)

Introduction and overview of marine data products; scalars and vector analysis; the nature and uses of the saga; basic data analysis; gridding with saga; introduction to vector charts

 

ECE  600    Dissertation                                                                   (6 Units)

Each candidate for a Masters degree shall be assigned a suitable research project approved by the Department Postgraduate Studies Committee. The results of the research shall be embodied in a dissertation.


 

ENG 601: Analytical Tools and ICT for Research in Engineering (3Units)

Use of advanced analytical tools like MATLAB/SIMULINK, SCILAB/XCOS, etc for solution of engineering problems and their application (Application of these softwares depends on the various problems formulated in different departments and in the specific specialization).

Information literacy, information sources (media, publishers, aggregators);validity of information, plagiarism and legal aspects.

Information search – search engines, journal repositories, academic (social) networks, search strategies, personal contacts, tools for managing references.

Integrating information literacy in research, cloud computing, audiovisual tools, e.g PowerPoint presentations.

ENG 603: Research Methodology in Engineering                            (3 Units)

Literature review: reading and summarizing relevant articles, critical analysis and evaluation of research, identification of themes and comparators, writing review documents and identification of research (or knowledge) gaps.

Scientific method and nature of evidence: experimental methods and design methods (as may be applicable to individual departments and research areas), data collection and management of quantitative data. Human participants – expert reviews, focus groups, questionnaires and interviews.

Project management and report writing: project planning, report structure and style, general report writing techniques.

ECE  602    Seminars                                                                        (3 Units)

Each master’s candidate shall present at least one seminar on his/her research project before graduation.

ECE  610    Communication Theory                                                (3Units)

Signals (Deterministic and random) and System; Signal processing (signal domain transformations, convolution, sampling, quantization, compression and coding); Modulation and Demodulation (Analogue and Digital); Information theory; Noise; Error control coding.


 

ECE  611    Communication Networks and Protocols                      (3 Units)

LAN – Physical Structure; Medium Access Control; LAN Standards – IEEE 802. ; LAN Interconnections – Bridges, Routers & Gateways. MAN – DQDB, FDDI; WAN – PSTN; PSDN; ISDN; B-ISDEN; INTERNET; ATM; FRAME RELAY; SONET; Advanced Network Architectures.

OSI-layer protocols; Protocol Design – Protocol Specification and Implementation.  ASN.1 Representation and Pseudo-Coding,  HDLC; X.25; TCP/IP and IPx

ECE 612     Communication Modeling & Simulation                      (3 units)

Teletraffic; Queuing Theory; Traffic Modeling (Data, Voice and Video Modeling); Network Systems Modeling – Loss System and Delay System;

Computer Simulation Modeling – Computer Simulation using Object Oriented Network Simulation Packages – SPSS, MATLAB Simevent, OPNET: Riverbird modeller, Network II.5, BONES.

ECE 613     Network Traffic Control                                               (3 units)

Network Algorithm and shortest path routing; Broadcast Routing information;

Flow models optimal routing and topological design; Characterization of optimal routine; Window flow control; Rate control scheme; Rate Adjustment Algorithm; Flow control protocols in practice.

ECE 614     Microwave & Satellite Communication                        (3 units)

Relay System – Relay Stations and Signals dimensioning, Multiplexing (FDM, WDM, TDM, SDM).  Satellite System; Earth Stations; Orbiting Stations; Signal propagation modes and signal interferences. Fibre Optic – Structure & Operation. Optical component systems.  Optical System Installation.

ECE 615     Mobile Communications                                               (3 units)

Channelization – FDMA, TDMA, CDMA.  Spread Spectrum.  Frequency Hopping.  Cordless telecommunication technology.  Radio paging technology. GSM and Cellular Technologies. 2G; 2.5G, 3G and LTE technologies.

ECE 616     Networks Design and Implementation                         (3 units)

Feasibility and design plan.  System specifications; Systems structure and component selection and dimensioning; Signaling –SS7 (physical and protocol architecture); Performance analysis and maintenance.

ECE 617     Optical Systems                                                             (3 units)

The wave nature of light.  Polarization, the principle of superposition, interference, diffraction.  Black body radiation.  Photoluminescence, cathocoluminescence.  The cathode ray tube.  Light emitting Diodes.  Plasma displays, liquid crystal Displays, Numeric displays.  LASERS.  Radiation emission principles.  Classes of lasers.  Laser Applications, Photo-detectors.  Fibre optical waveguides.  Optical waveguides.  Optical communication systems.  Reflection, refraction, and diffraction properties of light.  Polarization properties of light.  Diffractive Optics, Coherence and Interference.  Introduction to Holography.

ECE 618     Microwave Communication System Design                  (3 Units)

Route and site selection; influence of rerrain, weather, rain and obstructions.  Calculation of path profiles. Use of aerial maps.  System Noise Objectives. ITU-T/R international circuits. Choice of   equipment; radio equipment; RF combiners; guides, antenna systems, randomes, repeaters and links and the estimates.  System reliability estimates.  Calculation of the probability of outages due to propagation.

ECE  619    Radar and Navigation Systems                                     (3Units)

Operation, history, applications. Radar Equation, range, minimum detectable signal, noise, cross section of a target, transmitter power, antenna parameters. CW, Doppler, moving – target indication, tracking radar, laser radar. Radar transmitters, receivers and antennas. Propagation of radar waves. Airborne direction finders, air traffic control radar beacon, instrument low approach system, Ioran, microwave landing systems. Omega. Immarsat.

 

MASTER OF SCIENCE (M.Sc) PROGRAMME

IN

MARITIME RADIO & TELECOMMUNICATIONS

 

 FEBRUARY, 2015

  

POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES IN MARITIME TELECOMMUNICATIONS

 

INTRODUCTION

Nigeria has 853 kilometers of coastline and a number of islets within its territorial waters. It also has great inland waterways, being home to hundreds of kilometers of the River Niger and the Niger Delta; hundreds of kilometers of the River Benue and a host of rivers and lakes, including Lake Chad.

Nigerian communities and ethnic groups navigated these waters from pre-historic times, using mostly traditionally made canoes. These waters have been a source of livelihood to many Nigerian communities by way of providing food, such as fish, crabs and other aquatic animals; seasonings such as salt; and the avenue for trade and commerce; etc. Since contact with Europeans at the coast in the 16th century, Nigerian waters have been the backbone of international trade and commerce; and the country has shared and continues to share in the attendant issues and problems associated with international trade and politics. These issues and problems deeply affect the country, her citizens and destiny. The Institute of Maritime Studies aims at developing human capacity to impact on these issues and problems and address them innovatively, hence the development of a curriculum in maritime studies.

 

PHILOSOPHY

Maritime Studies is an interdisciplinary academic field that embraces the liberal arts and the sciences as the foundation for exploring humankind’s critical and continually evolving connections with the world’s waterways and watersheds. It encompasses the liberal arts in recognized humanities and social science disciplines such as History, English, Philosophy, Geography, Economics, Political Science and Anthropology and highlights the social and cultural side of the human/water relationship as well as recognizes and explores the links between human activities and the composition and condition of the coastal and marine environments.  The Philosophy of the Maritime Institute therefore is to provide holistic education that will enable graduates develop their concept building capacities, analytical, verbal and general skills , knowledge, values and attitudes in order to be productive and responsible persons or individuals in the society. The Institute recognizes individual differences and seeks to encourage individuals to develop their unique capacities and talents in solving global environmental problems particularly maritime related problems. Accordingly, the Institute provides inter-disciplinary postgraduate programmes on the literature, history, axiological, policy and science of the ocean and marine environment.

 

OBJECTIVES

The objectives of the programme are to:

  1. Support and promote research in maritime studies and related environmental, axiological, policy and management studies;
  2. Equip the students with a higher level of thinking leading to understanding of ocean dynamics and maritime history, literature, policy and management;
  3. Enable students to analyze, evaluate and model the complex interactions between coastal and maritime environment, maritime activities and management; and
  4. Produce human capacity for maritime management as well as the creation of the information and knowledge-based evidence required for managing and protecting the marine environment.

 

SCOPE

Maritime studies cuts across different disciplines and human activities. As a result, the programme adopts trans-disciplinary approaches and pedagogies. This calls for cooperation and collaboration of faculty from different knowledge areas/disciplines. The programme covers knowledge, skills, values and attitudes developed from the Arts, Biological Sciences, Engineering, Environmental Studies, Law, Management and Social Sciences.

Specifically, the curriculum covers the following content areas: Maritime History, Maritime Ethics, Oceanography, Marine Engineering, Maritime Law, Shipping/Port Management, Marine Biology, Marine Navigation, Maritime Insurance, Marine Information Management, Radio and Marine Telecommunications.  Seminars, Field Work and Project are also inclusive.

 

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

Degrees and Diplomas offered by the Nigerian Institute of Maritime Studies equip her graduates for employment and service in the public and private sectors. Graduates are specially equipped for jobs in such public sector areas as customs, immigrations, the navy and security services, ministries of trade, commerce and industry, ports authorities, shipbuilding and repairs, dock services, marine research institutes. Graduates should be readily employable in the private sector areas focused on maritime insurance, maritime law, shipping, port and dock services, maritime consultancies, marine related research companies.

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

The following may qualify for registration for postgraduate diploma studies

Postgraduate Diploma

Basically, all candidates must have five Credit passes including English, Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry O’Level. Graduates of the University of Nigeria or of other recognized universities with a background in Electrical or Electronic Engineering or Engineering Physics. Candidates must have at least a third Class Honours degree, with a minimum CGPA of 2.0 on a five point scale.

 

Degree of Master of Science (M.Sc)

(i)   Graduates of the University of Nigeria or of other recognized Universities who have obtained the Bachelor’s Degree with a minimum of Second Class honours and a            minimum CGPA of 3.0 on a five-point scale in Electrical/Electronic engineering or any          other related discipline

(ii)   Candidates with the Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) in Maritime Telecommunications of the   University of Nigeria or of any recognized Institution.

 

DURATION OF PROGRAMMES

The minimum and maximum duration of the Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) and M.Sc Degree programmes shall be:

Full-time: A minimum of three (3) semesters and a maximum of four (4) semesters.

Part-time: A minimum of four (4) Semesters and a maximum of six (6) semesters.

 

COURSE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADUATION

A candidate must have fulfilled the following conditions to be awarded

Postgraduate Diploma (PGD)

Registered and passed a minimum of 57 credit units of both compulsory and elective courses as follows:

Compulsory courses    –   41  units

Elective courses           –   6  units

Seminar                       –    2 units

Field work                    –   2  units

Project                          –   6  units

 

STRESS AREAS

0          –           Fundamentals (Maritime History, Maritime Ethics and Oceanography)

1          –           Marine Engineering

2          –           Maritime Law

3          –           Shipping/Port Management

4          –           Marine Biology

5          –           Marine Navigation

6          –           Maritime Insurance

7          –           Marine Information Management

8          –           Radio and Marine Telecommunications

9          –           Seminar/Field Work/Project

POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA (PGD) CURRICULUM IN RADIO AND MARITIME TELECOMMUNICATIONS

FIRST SEMESTER

Major Courses

Course Code                           Title                                                               Units

MST 0601                                Introduction to Oceanography                                               2

MST 0603                                Maritime History                                                                    2

MST 0611                                Ship Systems                                                                          2

MST 0621                                Maritime Law                                                                         2

MST 0641                                Marine Biology                                                                      2

MST 0651                                Marine Navigation I                                                               3

MST 0681                                Communication Principles    (NUC)                                      3

MST 0683                                Communication and Fields Laboratory                                  1

MST 0685                                Communication Systems                                                        3

 

Electives                          (Choose one course from the two courses listed below)

MST 0687                                 Microwave Engineering                                                        3

MST 0689                                 Data Communications                                                           3

                                                                                                                                                23

                          

SECOND SEMESTER                                                                                                

Major Courses                                                                                                         

Course Code                                Title                                                          Units

MST 0602                           Introduction to Maritime Environmental Ethics                         3

MST 0632                           Shipping/Port Management                                                         2

MST 0652                           Marine Navigation II                                                                   3

MST 0662                           Maritime Insurance                                                                      2

MST 0682                           Telecommunications Engineering                                               2

MST 0684                           Introduction to Radar and Navigation Systems                           3

MST 0672                           Marine Information Management                                                3

M ST 0686                          Radio and Television                                                                   3

 

Electives                         (Choose one course from the two courses listed below)

MST 0680                                 Electro-acoustics                                                                     3

MST 0688                                 Communication Networks                                                       3

 24        

THIRD SEMESTER

Major Courses                Title                                                                       Units

MST 0691                                Seminar                                                                                      2

MST 0693                                 Field Work                                                                                2

MST 0695                                 Project                                                                                       6

10  

                                                                                                 Total   =    57 Units

 

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS FOR THE POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA (PGD) PROGRAMME

 

MST 0601:   Introduction to Oceanography   (2 units)

Description of the ocean basins and the mechanisms of their evolution; the physical and chemical properties of seawater; role of the oceans in elemental cycles, particularly the carbon cycle; ocean circulation and waves. Geology of the coastal ocean, beaches, and estuaries; biotic and physical factors structuring the oceans including global warming; coastal development.

MST 0602:   Introduction to Maritime Environmental Ethics   (3 units)

Ethical issues and problems as they relate to the environment, particularly the maritime environment. The need to extend ethical thinking and moral values beyond the traditional area of the relationship between human beings to the relationship between human beings and nature, both sentient and non-sentient nature, and the question of the intrinsic value of nature. The evolution of environmental ethics, the contending perspectives, theories and practices; and the most appropriate approaches especially in relation to Nigeria.

 

MST 0603:   Maritime History   (2 units)

General overview of global maritime history; Maritime transport during the colonial period (1900-1960) ; Development of shipping and Establishment of port facilities; Impact of maritime transport in Nigeria and Maritime policies.

 

MST 0611:     Ship Systems   (3 units)

Types, structures and purposes of ships. Ship compartmentation, propulsion systems, auxiliary power systems, interior communications and ship control. Elements of Ship design to achieve safe operations and ship stability characteristics.

 

MST 0621:   Maritime Law   (2 units)

Nigerian Maritime law; international Maritime law; Admiralty and maritime law practice in Nigeria; laws, conventions and treaties that govern shipping.

MST 0632:   Shipping/Port Management   (2 units)

General care and port maintenance; shipping management; maintenance and management of radio equipment; handling of distress and urgent situations; and Maritime operations management.

 

MST 0641:   Marine Biology   (2 units)

General studies of organisms in the ocean from microscopic to huge cetaceans; Fisheries science and marine conservations, effects of oceanic factors on ocean life forms; and values of maritime life.

 

MST 0651:   Marine Navigation I   (3 units)

Earth-navigation methods, Classification of navigation systems, Celestial mechanics, Principles of celestial navigation, Radio navigation systems, Lat, Lon, and nautical charts, Principles of position fixing (Lines of position, Ranges, Position fix, Estimated position, Dead reckoning, Running fix, Danger bearing, Turn bearing, Snellius construction), Sextant usage and care, Compass checks, Compass use and adjustment,  Time keeping, Route planning, Daily procedures and logbooks, GNSS (GPS, GLONASS, etc), Emergency navigation techniques.

 

MST 0652:   Marine Navigation II (3 units)

Tides and currents, Tide movements, Chart data, Marine weather Resources (Radio sources of weather, Basic principles of high and low, Weather maps and interpretation, Fronts, Squalls, Storms, and hurricanes, Global winds), Inland and coastal navigation , Ocean navigation, Depth sounding navigation, Radio navigation, High seas communication, Overview of radar principles and operation, Navigation by range and bearing, Navigation rules of the road.

 

MST 0662:   Maritime Insurance   (2 units)

History of maritime insurance; formal maritime insurance practices; policies, loss, damage of ships, cargo, terminals; maritime life insurance, protection and indemnity.

 


 

MST 0672:   Introduction to Marine Information Management  (3 units)

Introduction and overview of marine data products; scalars and vector analysis; the nature and uses of the saga; basic data analysis; gridding with saga; introduction to vector charts

 

MST 0680:  Electro Acoustics (ECE 549)

The sound wave: propagation and characteristics. Basic principles of acoustics. Transducers. Microphones, loudspeakers: characteristics and applications. Electroacoustical and electromechanical analogies, acoustics of buildings; reverberation time, sound equalization, diffuse and free-field considerations, noise absorption and insulation. Recording and reproduction systems and media. Introduction to ultrasonics. Applications.

 

MST 0681:   Communications Principles   (3 units)   (NUC)

A general communications system including source, transmission channel and destination. Analogue modulation systems. AM, FM and Phase Modulation. Pulse Modulation: PAM, PWM, PPM and PCM. Introduction to Digital Modulation Techniques. Bandwidth considerations. Devices and systems for communications.

MST 0682:  Telecommunications Engineering (2 units) (NUC min std year                   5)  (ECE542)

Terminal equipment: Analogue and digital. Transmission modes. Switching and switches: Space and time. Exchange stations: Private and Public. Multiplexing and De-multiplexing: Frequency (FDM) and Time (TDM). Fundamentals of channelization: Frequency (FDMA), Time (TDMA) and Code (CDMA); Spread spectrum.

Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN); Traffic and trunking; Public Switched Data Network (PSDN); Integrated Digital Network (IDN) and B-IDN. Telecommunication network  numbering system and services. Mobile communications technology.

Satellite systems: Earth stations, space stations and links. Fundamentals of microwave relay system and signal path estimation.

 


 

MST 0683: Communication and Fields Laboratory    (1 unit)    (ECE481)

The laboratory exercise is set up to familiarize students in setting up of small networks. The students will learn –

  • Design and configure a small Local Area Network (LAN)
  • Basics of common routing protocols
  • Partition a network into subnets
  • Design and addressing scheme for network elements
  • Configure an interface on a router and setup routing processes on a router.

Waveform analysis and different de/modulation schemes; Aerials; Super heterodyne receiver; Transmission lines; Filters; Digital phase detector; Frequency counters.

 

MST  0684: Introduction to Radar and Navigation Systems    (ECE 545)

Operation, history and applications. Radar equation. Radar range, minimum detectable signal,  target indication, tracking radar, laser radar. Radar transmitters, receivers and antennas. Propagation of radar waves. Airborne direction finders, air traffic control radar beacon, instrument low approach system, Ioran, microwave landing systems. Omega. Inmarsat.

 

MST 0685:   Communication Systems    (3 units)   (NUC)

Telephony: Antennas and wave propagation mode. Radar systems. Satellite communication systems. Broadcasting systems (analogue and digital). Introduction to wireless communication systems. Regulations. Telecommunication systems planning.

MST 0686:  Radio and Television  (ECE 548)

Basic radio terminology, marine radio system, VHF radio, single-sideband radio and Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS). Radio broadcast and reception systems.

The video signal, scanning, timing, synchronizing line and field frequencies, transmission standards and systems. Television camera, tubes, the image orthicon and the vidicon-television broadcast and receiver systems. International recommendations for sound and television broadcasting. Broadcasting studio and studio equipment. Compatibility; natural light; colour perception; three colour theory; luminance, hue and saturational colour television camera; the luminance signal; values of luminance (Y) and colour difference signals on colours. Polarity of the colour difference signals; colour TV display tubes; Delta-Gun colour picture tube.

 

MST 0687: Microwave Engineering   (NUC)

Microwave devices and circuits. Variation diode, parametric amplifiers, tunnel diodes, Schottky diode. Gunn oscillators, frequency multipliers and up-converters. Microwave Theory and techniques; transmission lines and waveguides, passive microwave devices: resonators, magic tee, TWT, etc.

MST 0688:  Communication Networks (ECE 546)

Network planning principles; standards. Modeling and simulation basics: Network traffics and network nodes. Queuing theory fundamentals, resources and services demand calculations; forecasting and QoS issues. Network reliability.

ISO-OSI reference model. Network protocols: Specification. SS7 signaling fundamentals. Network protocol architectures basics: LAN, MAN, WAN (Internet), ISDN, B-ISDN, ATM and GSM networks: Architectures and operations.

 

MST 0689: Data Communications (NUC)

Introduction to data communication systems: digital signals and characters, data signals, band rate, serial and parallel data transmission. Networks and Network topology. Baseband Analysis, Modulated carrier signals (ASK, PSK, QPSK, FSK, MSK, GMSK, etc). Coherent and non-coherent detection of binary signals. Error rate comparison. International Standards.

OSI model and functions of the layers. TCP/IP model and functions of the layers. Network management: Telecommunication Network Management.

 

MST 0691:   Seminar   (2 units)

 

MST 0693:   Field Work   (2 units)

On completion of coursework, the students will be required to undergo minimal field experience. This field experience is designed to integrate the classroom theory with practical work experience.

MST 0695:   Research Project   (6 units)

Students will carry out project work from any discipline in Maritime Studies. The project should belong to one of the following disciplines: marine engineering; maritime law; shipping/port management; marine biology; marine navigation, maritime insurance; and marine information management. The project duration is over an academic year and a formal report will be required. Each student is required to make an oral presentation.

 

MASTER OF SCIENCE (M.SC) DEGREE IN MARITIME TELECOMMUNICATION

Compulsory Courses

Course Code                  Course Title                                                 Units

ECE 610                      Communication Theory                                                          3

ECE 611                      Communication Networks & Protocols                                  3

ECE612                      Communication Modeling & Simulation                               3

ECE 613                      Network Traffic Control                                                         3

ECE [  ]                       (Two Optional Courses)                                                         6

18 Units

Research

ECE 602                      Seminars                                                                                 3

ECE 601                      Analytical Tools and ICT for Research in Engineering         3

ECE 603                      Research Methodology in Engineering                                  3

ECE 601                      School of Postgraduate Studies Course                                  3

ECE 600                      Project                                                                                     6

18 Units


 

Optional Courses

Course Code               Course Title                                                                        Units

ECE 614                     Microwave & Satellite Communication                                 3

ECE 615                      Mobile Communication                                                          3

ECE 616                      Networks Design & Implementation                                      3

ECE 617                      Optical Systems                                                                      3

ECE 618                      Microwave Communication System Design                          3

ECE 619                      Radar and Navigation Systems                                               3

(Two courses only are required to be chosen.)
Electives                        (Choose one course from the two courses listed below)

Electro-acoustics                                                                                           3 Units      

Communication Networks                                                                           3 Units

Total units – 32

 

THIRD SEMESTER

Major Courses                        Title                                     Units

MST 0691                                           Seminar                                               2

MST 0693                                           Field Work                                          2

MST O695                                          Project                                                 6

                                                                                                10

                                                Total 74 Units

NOTE:  Candidates who did not undergo Postgraduate Diploma Programme in Radio and Maritime Telecommunication will in addition take the following courses listed below.

 

FIRST SEMESTER

Major Courses

Course Code                            Title                                                                  Units

MST 0601                                Introduction to Oceanography                                               2

MST 0603                                Maritime History                                                                    2

MST 0611                                Ship Systems                                                                          2

MST 0621                                Maritime Law                                                                         2

MST 0651                                Marine Navigation I                                                               3

                                                                                                                                                11

                                                                                                                                               SECOND SEMESTER                                                                                                

Major Courses                                                                                                         

Course Code                         Title                                                                  Units

MST 0602                           Introduction to Maritime Environmental Ethics                         3

MST 0632                           Shipping/Port Management                                                         2

MST 0652                           Marine Navigation II                                                                   3

MST 0672                           Marine Information Management                                               3

 11        

 


 

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS FOR THE POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMME

 

MST 0601:   Introduction to Oceanography   (2 units)

Description of the ocean basins and the mechanisms of their evolution; the physical and chemical properties of seawater; role of the oceans in elemental cycles, particularly the carbon cycle; ocean circulation and waves. Geology of the coastal ocean, beaches, and estuaries; biotic and physical factors structuring the oceans including global warming; coastal development,

 

MST 0602:   Introduction to Maritime Environmental Ethics   (3 units)

Ethical issues and problems as they relate to the environment, particularly the maritime environment. The need to extend ethical thinking and moral values beyond the traditional area of the relationship between human beings to the relationship between human beings and nature, both sentient and non-sentient nature, and the question of the intrinsic value of nature. The evolution of environmental ethics, the contending perspectives, theories and practices; and the most appropriate approaches especially in relation to Nigeria.

MST 0603:   Maritime History   (2 units)

General overview of global maritime history; Maritime transport during the colonial period (1900-1960); Development of shipping and Establishment of port facilities; Impact of maritime transport in Nigeria and Maritime policies.

 

MST 0611:     Ship Systems   (3 units)

Types, structures and purposes of ships. Ship compartmentation, propulsion systems, auxiliary power systems, interior communications and ship control. Elements of Ship design to achieve safe operations and ship stability characteristics.

 

MST 0621:   Maritime Law   (2 units)

Nigerian Maritime law; international Maritime law; Admiralty and maritime law practice in Nigeria; laws, conventions and treaties that govern shipping.

 


MST 0632:   Shipping/Port Management   (2 units)

General care and port maintenance; shipping management; maintenance and management of radio equipment; handling of distress and urgent situations; and Maritime operations management.

 

MST 0651:   Marine Navigation I   (3 units)

Earth-navigation methods, Classification of navigation systems, Celestial mechanics, Principles of celestial navigation, Radio navigation systems, Lat, Lon, and nautical charts, Principles of position fixing (Lines of position, Ranges, Position fix, Estimated position, Dead reckoning, Running fix, Danger bearing, Turn bearing, Snellius construction), Sextant usage and care, Compass checks, Compass use and adjustment,  Time keeping, Route planning, Daily procedures and logbooks, GNSS (GPS, GLONASS, etc), Emergency navigation techniques.

 

MST 0652:   Marine Navigation II  (3 units)

Tides and currents, Tide movements, Chart data, Marine weather Resources (Radio sources of weather, Basic principles of high and low, Weather maps and interpretation, Fronts, Squalls, Storms, and hurricanes, Global winds), Inland and coastal navigation , Ocean navigation, Depth sounding navigation, Radio navigation, High seas communication, Overview of radar principles and operation, Navigation by range and bearing, Navigation rules of the road.

 

MST 0672:   Introduction to Marine Information Management (3 units)

Introduction and overview of marine data products; scalars and vector analysis; the nature and uses of the saga; basic data analysis; gridding with saga; introduction to vector charts

 

ECE  600    Dissertation                                                                   (6 Units)

Each candidate for a Masters degree shall be assigned a suitable research project approved by the Department Postgraduate Studies Committee. The results of the research shall be embodied in a dissertation.


 

ENG 601: Analytical Tools and ICT for Research in Engineering (3Units)

Use of advanced analytical tools like MATLAB/SIMULINK, SCILAB/XCOS, etc for solution of engineering problems and their application (Application of these softwares depends on the various problems formulated in different departments and in the specific specialization).

Information literacy, information sources (media, publishers, aggregators);validity of information, plagiarism and legal aspects.

Information search – search engines, journal repositories, academic (social) networks, search strategies, personal contacts, tools for managing references.

Integrating information literacy in research, cloud computing, audiovisual tools, e.g PowerPoint presentations.

ENG 603: Research Methodology in Engineering                            (3 Units)

Literature review: reading and summarizing relevant articles, critical analysis and evaluation of research, identification of themes and comparators, writing review documents and identification of research (or knowledge) gaps.

Scientific method and nature of evidence: experimental methods and design methods (as may be applicable to individual departments and research areas), data collection and management of quantitative data. Human participants – expert reviews, focus groups, questionnaires and interviews.

Project management and report writing: project planning, report structure and style, general report writing techniques.

ECE  602    Seminars                                                                        (3 Units)

Each master’s candidate shall present at least one seminar on his/her research project before graduation.

ECE  610    Communication Theory                                                (3Units)

Signals (Deterministic and random) and System; Signal processing (signal domain transformations, convolution, sampling, quantization, compression and coding); Modulation and Demodulation (Analogue and Digital); Information theory; Noise; Error control coding.


 

ECE  611    Communication Networks and Protocols                      (3 Units)

LAN – Physical Structure; Medium Access Control; LAN Standards – IEEE 802. ; LAN Interconnections – Bridges, Routers & Gateways. MAN – DQDB, FDDI; WAN – PSTN; PSDN; ISDN; B-ISDEN; INTERNET; ATM; FRAME RELAY; SONET; Advanced Network Architectures.

OSI-layer protocols; Protocol Design – Protocol Specification and Implementation.  ASN.1 Representation and Pseudo-Coding,  HDLC; X.25; TCP/IP and IPx

ECE 612     Communication Modeling & Simulation                      (3 units)

Teletraffic; Queuing Theory; Traffic Modeling (Data, Voice and Video Modeling); Network Systems Modeling – Loss System and Delay System;

Computer Simulation Modeling – Computer Simulation using Object Oriented Network Simulation Packages – SPSS, MATLAB Simevent, OPNET: Riverbird modeller, Network II.5, BONES.

ECE 613     Network Traffic Control                                               (3 units)

Network Algorithm and shortest path routing; Broadcast Routing information;

Flow models optimal routing and topological design; Characterization of optimal routine; Window flow control; Rate control scheme; Rate Adjustment Algorithm; Flow control protocols in practice.

ECE 614     Microwave & Satellite Communication                        (3 units)

Relay System – Relay Stations and Signals dimensioning, Multiplexing (FDM, WDM, TDM, SDM).  Satellite System; Earth Stations; Orbiting Stations; Signal propagation modes and signal interferences. Fibre Optic – Structure & Operation. Optical component systems.  Optical System Installation.

ECE 615     Mobile Communications                                               (3 units)

Channelization – FDMA, TDMA, CDMA.  Spread Spectrum.  Frequency Hopping.  Cordless telecommunication technology.  Radio paging technology. GSM and Cellular Technologies. 2G; 2.5G, 3G and LTE technologies.

ECE 616     Networks Design and Implementation                         (3 units)

Feasibility and design plan.  System specifications; Systems structure and component selection and dimensioning; Signaling –SS7 (physical and protocol architecture); Performance analysis and maintenance.

ECE 617     Optical Systems                                                             (3 units)

The wave nature of light.  Polarization, the principle of superposition, interference, diffraction.  Black body radiation.  Photoluminescence, cathocoluminescence.  The cathode ray tube.  Light emitting Diodes.  Plasma displays, liquid crystal Displays, Numeric displays.  LASERS.  Radiation emission principles.  Classes of lasers.  Laser Applications, Photo-detectors.  Fibre optical waveguides.  Optical waveguides.  Optical communication systems.  Reflection, refraction, and diffraction properties of light.  Polarization properties of light.  Diffractive Optics, Coherence and Interference.  Introduction to Holography.

ECE 618     Microwave Communication System Design                  (3 Units)

Route and site selection; influence of rerrain, weather, rain and obstructions.  Calculation of path profiles. Use of aerial maps.  System Noise Objectives. ITU-T/R international circuits. Choice of   equipment; radio equipment; RF combiners; guides, antenna systems, randomes, repeaters and links and the estimates.  System reliability estimates.  Calculation of the probability of outages due to propagation.

ECE  619    Radar and Navigation Systems                                     (3Units)

Operation, history, applications. Radar Equation, range, minimum detectable signal, noise, cross section of a target, transmitter power, antenna parameters. CW, Doppler, moving – target indication, tracking radar, laser radar. Radar transmitters, receivers and antennas. Propagation of radar waves. Airborne direction finders, air traffic control radar beacon, instrument low approach system, Ioran, microwave landing systems. Omega. Immarsat.

 

MASTER OF SCIENCE (M.Sc) PROGRAMME

IN

MARITIME MANAGEMENT

 

FEBRUARY, 2015

 

MASTER OF SCIENCE (M.Sc) DEGREE PROGRAMME  IN MARITIME MANAGEMENT

 

Philosophy

To develop professionals with theoretical and practical competence capable of skillfully solving current and further challenges of managing the maritime industry.

 

Objectives

The specific objectives of the programme are to:

  1. Expose the graduate students to the classical and contemporary management theories and techniques needed in analyzing and proffering sustainable solutions to maritime management challenges.

 

  1. Provide an international medium for effective collaboration and learning in maritime management.

 

  1. Inculcate in the graduate students the rare zeal for research and development in maritime management.

 

  1. Produce outstanding maritime management experts and practitioners in particular and global business managers in general.

 

Vision

To be the hallmark of maritime management education and research in Africa and beyond, producing world class maritime specialists.

 

 

 

Mission

To provide excellent maritime management education and training in Nigeria and beyond using state of the arts facilities through our highly skilled and passionate staff with rich industry experience and very strong academic credentials.

 

 

Entry Requirements

Candidates for the degree programme of M.Sc in Maritime Management must have any of the following   qualifications:

  • A good honours degree (minimum of second class) in Maritime Management with 3.00 CGPA on a 5 point scale or 2.5 CGPA on a 4 point scale obtained from the University of Nigeria or from any other recognized university.
  • A good honours degree (minimum of second class) in Economics, Accountancy, Banking and Finance, Insurance, Management, and Marketing with 3.00 CGPA on a 5 point scale or 2.5 CGPA on a 4 point scale obtained from the University of Nigeria or from any other recognized university.
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Maritime Management with a minimum of Upper Credit Pass obtained from the University of Nigeria or any recognized institution.

 

 

Mode of Study

The mode of study for the M.Sc degree in Maritime Management shall be by Course Work, Seminar and Dissertation.

 

Duration

The duration for the M.Sc degree programme in Maritime Business and International Logistics shall be:

  • Full-time: minimum of three (3) semesters and a maximum of 6

(semesters)

  • Part-time: a minimum of five (5) semesters and a maximum of 8

(semesters)

 

Employment Opportunities

The M.Sc  programme in Maritime Management equips graduates for employment in such public sector areas as Customs, Immigration, the Navy, Ports Authorities, and the Ministries of Trade, Commerce and Industry, etc. and  also in private sector areas of Maritime Insurance, Maritime Law, Shipping and Dock Services including marine related research organisations and consultancies.

 

 

Course Requirements for Graduation

 

In order to graduate, a candidate must have registered and passed a minimum of 42 credit units of both compulsory (core) and elective courses as follows:

Compulsory courses                 –                  27 units

Elective courses                       –                    6 units

Seminar                                   –                    3 units

Dissertation                    –                    6 units

List of Required Courses for the M.Sc programme in Maritime Management and Summary of Units

  1. SUMMARY OF UNITS/CURRICULUM SPECIFICATION TABLES
  • Summary of Units
COURSES NUMBER OF UNITS
Core Courses 27
Electives 6
Seminar 3
Dissertation 6
Total 42 units

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Curriculum Specification Table
First Semester:                5 compulsory courses                            15 units

Second Semester:           3 compulsory courses                              9 units

2 Elective courses                                     6 units

 15 units  

Third Semester:              1 compulsory courses                             3 units

Seminar                                                   3 units

Dissertation                                           6 units

12 units

 

 

Stress Areas

  • Maritime Fundamentals
  • Maritime Law
  • Maritime Management
  • Maritime Marketing
  • Maritime Finance/Insurance
  • Maritime Accounting
  • Research/MIS
  • Maritime Economics
  • Seminar In Maritime Management
  • Dissertation

LIST OF REQUIRED COURSES FOR THE M.Sc PROGRAMME IN MARITIME MANAGEMENT

 

  1. SUMMARY OF UNITS
Courses No of Units
Core Courses 21
Electives 9
Seminar 3
Dissertation 6
Total 42 Units

 

B  LIST OF REQUIRED COURSES

  1. FIRST SEMESTER
Course Code Course Title Core Courses Credit
MBM 801 Oceanography and Maritime History 3
MBM 803 Marine Safety Operations 3
MBM 871 Managerial Economics 3
MBM 821 Management Theory and Practice 3
MBM 823 Port Logistics and Planning 3
    15

 

2 SECOND SEMESTER

Course Code Course Title Core Courses Credit
MBM 812 Maritime Law and Insurance 3
MBM 822 Maritime Strategic Management 3
MBM 862 Research Methods and Information Management 3

 

ELECTIVE COURSES (2)

Course Code Course Title Core Courses Credit
MBM 824 Maritime Administration 3
MBM 842 Financial Management 3
MBM 826 International Business Management 3
MBM 832 Marketing of Maritime Services 3
MBM 852 International Accounting and Taxation 3
MBM 844 Management Accounting Theory 3
MBM 872 Environment and Industry Analysis 3
MBM 828 Human Resource Management 3
  Total Credit Unit 15

 

  1. THIRD SEMESTER
Course Code Course Title Core Courses Credit
MBM 813 Maritime Commercial Law and Policy 3
MBM 881 Seminar in Maritime Studies 3
MBM 890 Dissertation 6
  Total Credit Unit 12

COURSE CODES, TITLES AND CONTENT DESCRIPTION

 

MBM 801 – Oceanography and Maritime History

Description of the ocean basins and the mechanisms of their evolution; the physical and chemical properties of seawater; role of the oceans in elemental cycles, particularly the carbon cycle; ocean circulation and waves. Geology of the coastal ocean, beaches, and estuaries; biotic and physical factors structuring the oceans including global warming; coastal development.

 

MBM 803   –        Marine Safety Operations

Overview of risks involved in maritime operations and possible risk control options and vessel traffic management, pilot age, search and rescure, evacuation system.  Aspects of marine safety operation. Life-saving devices: Life jackets, lifeboats etc. Fire protection devices and materials. Fire fighting and requisite equipment. Marine search and rescue operations. Oil spills and clearance procedures. Safety regulations: IMO conventions on marine safety-ISOLAS, MARPOL, 1509000, etc marine safety administration in Nigeria.

 

 

MBM 821 – Management Theory and Practice

Conventional and modem conceptions o management, Definition and dynamics of management theory; levels and features of theory in management. Evolutionary trend in theory/though in management. App1ications and relevance of theory 1the Nigerian context, Organisational design and outline, managing L processes, problems of integration and   control; managing change and development.  Modern issue in management theory.

 

MBM 823 – Port Logistics and Planning

To explain the concept of port logistics and its meaning in terms of total transport chain, To discuss the importance of a proper container terminal capacity (PCTC) for both a port and its customer. To identify factors affecting PCTC and analyze port transport system in terms of total transport chain. To demonstrate the implication of an improper container terminal capacity from the viewpoint of future planning and development. To use simulation programs for modern container-terminal planning and operation.

MBM 812 – Maritime Law and Insurance

The carriage of Goods by Sea Act; oil and gas charter parties. Provisions regarding bills of lading. The Hamburg Rule, 1978. The Convention on International Multimodal Transport of Goods, 1980. Legal basis of the statutory transport consumer organizations, e.g. Nigerian Shippers Council. Voyage and time insurance policies. Floating policies. Warranties: nature, types and breach of warranty. Hull practice. P & I clubs, and risks covered.

 

MBM 822 – Maritime Strategic Management

Meaning and concepts of strategic management (policy, strategy, vision, mission, goals, objectives, etc). Strategic management process. Environment and strategic management.’ Environmental typology. Concepts of environmental audit. SWOT analysis. Strategic formulation in maritime studies. Vision, mission, goals and objectives. Strategy implementation: grand strategies, business strategies, functional strategies (the organic business function and organizational structure). Strategy and structure in maritime studies; calculating quantitative indices from maritime business data.  Strategic management tools; Decision making and problem solving in Strategic management.

 

MBM 862   – Research Methods and Information Management

This course is designed to sharpen the students’ skills and appreciation of organized enquiry. Topics to be covered include the following: Meaning and nature of research; comparison between research, common sense and science; Types of research; the research cycle; selecting research topics, problem and hypotheses formulation, Research design; research instruments and Data collection, Data Analysis and interpretation; research report, Research and the issue of relevance; ethical issues in research.

 

MBM 824 – Maritime Administration

The maritime industry: Components and administrative implications. The shipping company: structure and functions. The port authority: organization and functions. Administration in related maritime establishments. Maritime administration in Nigeria: roles of the Nigerian Ports Authority, National Maritime Authority, Nigerian Shippers’ Council, etc International/regional administrative organizations: IAWACA, MINCOMAR, ANSL, UASC.

 

MBM 842 – Financial Management

Accounting as a tool for decision making. The place of finance in management. Budgeting and its controls. Financial structures. Cost of capital; Interpretation of financial statements. Source and uses of funds. Elements of cost and materials control; Methods of costing; Process costing, managerial costing, standard costing, contract costing. Variance and break-even analysis. Performance measurement and reporting.

 

MBM 826 – International Business Management

The course focuses on the international dimension of business, including trade, financial and foreign investment patterns, problems and policies at the corporate and national levels. It covers theoretical, institutional and case analyses of major issues, including the impact of international codes and organisations on corporate policies in home and host countries, the effect of changing governmental policies on strategies for managing international operations. Using a wide range of data sources, cases, and other empirical studies, each student will prepare an individual study of a specific company and country.

 

MBM 832 – Marketing of Maritime Service

Tasks and philosophers of marketing. The marketing system in Nigeria. Marketing environment. Buyer behaviour. Market segmentation, targeting and positioning. The marketing mix elements. Service marketing. Pricing policies and strategies. Promotional policies and strategies. Magamarketing. Total quality management in marketing. Marketing planning. Marketing research in shipping. International marketing. Quantitative methods for marketing management decisions.

 

MBM 852 – International Accounting and Taxation

The course is designed for students interested in accounting and financial international operations. It involves preparation, transition and analysis of financial statement for companies that have branches of foreign multinational companies.

 

MBM 844 – Management Accounting Theory

Nature, scope and purpose of costing. Theory of costing, elements of costing, material and over-head (in outline only); cost allocation, apportionment; methods of costing. costing ascertainment, cost-profit/volume analysis, break even analysis. costing, profit contribution, mix and yield variances, interpretation of variances relationships.

 

MBM 871 –  Managerial Economics

Application of principles from various fields in economics and business to management decision making; Price mechanism, allocation of resources, profit drivers of the firm, revenue and cost drivers, interaction among the market players, firms’ strategy, understanding market forces, the meaning of competition, pricing and profits, market power good or evil, playing games I Competition versus Cooperation, playing games II Entry and Exist, Firms versus Markets; Make or Buy, auctions and market design, economics of information.

 

 

MBM 872 – Environment and Industry Analysis

The basis of formulating strategy is the assessment of the environment in all its dimensions. The course will focus on the concepts and techniques used in environmental and industry analysis and in identification of trends and changes in the environment. These will include, economic, social and technological forecasting, Delphi methods, Scenario.  Contemporary environmental issues in ports and shipping industry will be identified and analyzed, the regulations will be discussed.

 

MBM 871 – Human Resource Management

Manpower planning. Job analysis and description. Manpower forecasting. Manpower inventory. Employee appraisal and compensation. Management development and training. Labour legislation. Employee record maintenance. Sociological skills in supervision and management. Applications of social psychology. Role, structure and management of trade unions and employers associations. Theories of industrial relations systems. Origin and purpose of trade union acts, labour acts and trade dispute acts. Collective bargaining. Labour economics and labour management relations.

 

MBM 813 – Maritime Commercial Law Policy

To impart a clear understanding of commercial law and policy, including marine insurance and general average, carriage of goods by sea under charter parties and bills of lading, and international trade law. To provide an understanding of the law relating to the nationality and registration of ships, maritime claims and their enforcement, arrest of ships, and liens and mortgages

 

MBM 881 – Seminar in Maritime Studies

The students will have the possibility to meet and exchange views with practitioners from the industry in seminar format, providing the opportunity to apply the concepts and principles that govern the maritime world to specific real-world scenarios where a broad understanding of marine activities is needed to identify the solution to interdisciplinary problems.  The least two such papers will be written and presented in a classroom setting.

 

MBM 890 – Dissertation

The Master of Science programme in  Maritime Management is designed to provide specialist education and training for researchers in tertiary institutions as well as high level maritime business managers.  It requires general familiarity with crucial knowledge of the various segments in the maritime management.  A successful completion of the programme requires an ability to make full and intensive use of relevant concepts, tools, modern techniques and an ability to communicate these to other people.  In other words, the M.Sc graduate should be able to impact his or her knowledge to others.  This should be embodied in a well researched dissertation of not less than 90 pages and formally presented and defended.